Abi Abdulkalam

Topics: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, President of India, Pratibha Patil Pages: 10 (3210 words) Published: February 13, 2013
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the former President of India. For the freedom fighter, see Abul Kalam Azad. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 
11th President of India|
In office
25 July 2002 – 24 July 2007|
Prime Minister| Atal Bihari Vajpayee,Manmohan Singh|
Vice President| Bhairon Singh Shekhawat|
Preceded by| K. R. Narayanan|
Succeeded by| Pratibha Patil|
Born| 15 October 1931 (age 79)[1]
Rameshwaram, Madras Presidency, British India|
Alma mater| Madras Institute of Technology|
Profession| Aerospace engineering|
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Tamil: அவுல் பகீர் ஜைனுலாப்தீன் அப்துல் கலாம்; born 15 October 1931 in Rameshwaram, Madras Presidency, British India), usually referred to as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, was the 11th President of India, serving from 2002 to 2007.[2] He was elected during the tenure of the National Democratic Alliance (India) coalition government, under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.[3] During his term as President, he was popularly known as the People's President.[4][5] Before his term as India's president, he worked as an aeronautical engineer with DRDO andISRO. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work on development of ballistic missile and space rocket technology.[6] In India he is highly respected as a scientist and as an engineer. Kalam played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.[7] He is the chancellor ofIndian Institute of Space Science and Technology (Thiruvanthapuram), a professor at Anna University (Chennai), and an adjunct/visiting faculty at many other academic and research institutions across India. Contents [hide] * 1 Political views * 2 Aerospace engineer * 3 Awards and honors * 4 Books and documentaries * 5 References * 6 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Political views
In his book India 2020, Abdul Kalam strongly advocates an action plan to develop India into a knowledge superpower and a developed nation by the year 2020. He regards his work on India'snuclear weapons program as a way to assert India's place as a future superpower. It has been reported that there is a considerable demand in South Korea for translated versions of books authored by him.[8] Kalam continues to take an active interest in other developments in the field of science and technology. He has proposed a research program for developing bio-implants. He is a supporter of Open source software over proprietary solutions and believes that the use of open source software on a large scale will bring the benefits of information technology to more people.[9] -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Aerospace engineer
After graduating in Physics from St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli, Abdul Kalam graduated with a diploma in Aeronautical Engineering in the mid-1950s from the Madras Institute of Technology.[10] As the Project Director, he was heavily involved in the development of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). As Chief Executive of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (I.G.M.D.P), he played a major part in developing many missiles in India including Agni and Prithvi although the entire project has been criticised for being overrun and mismanaged.[11]. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999. Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period and have been associated with Kalam although he was not directly involved with the nuclear program at the time. -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Awards and honors
On April 29, 2009, he became the first Asian to be bestowed with...

References: 3. ^ Bidwai, Praful (23 June 2002). "‘Missile Man’ as India’s President". http://original.antiwar.com. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
4. ^ "Kalam was real people 's President: President 's bodyguards". Hindustan Times. 2007-07-24. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
5. ^ Perappadan, Bindu Shajan (2007-04-14). "The people 's President does it again". The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-03-27.
6. ^ Pruthi, R. K. (2005). "Ch. 4. Missile Man of India". President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. Anmol Publication. pp. 61–76. ISBN 978-8126113446.
7. ^ Sen, Amartya (2003). "India and the Bomb". In M. V. Ramana and C. Rammanohar Reddy. Prisoners of the Nuclear Dream. Sangam Book. pp. 167–188. ISBN 978-8125024774.
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