Unit: The Foundation of the United States
This Unit Activity will help you meet these educational goals: Inquiry Skills—You will develop questions and plan investigations; use content knowledge to develop compelling questions or supporting questions; apply disciplinary concepts and tools; analyze societal issues, trends, and events; evaluate change and continuity over time; gather, evaluate, and use evidence; develop credible explanations of historical events and developments based on reasoned interpretation of evidence; develop explanations and make persuasive arguments in support of your conclusions; communicate your conclusions; and reflect on your actions. 21st Century Skills—You will employ online tools for research and analysis, use critical-thinking and problem solving-skills, assess and validate information, and independently raise questions and pursue leads.
For any historian, it is important to find and use historical resources and determine relevant information from those sources. This activity will help you analyze and evaluate the information presented in historical sources. You will interpret a famous Revolutionary image, contemplate the impact of the image on the Revolutionary period, and provide short answers to a few questions based on your analysis. You will also research a topic on the era before the Revolution, analyze sources for information, and write a short essay describing your analysis.
Directions and Analysis
Task 1: The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre is an important event in the period just before the American Revolution. On March 5, 1770, five colonists were killed by British soldiers in the streets of Boston. This incident increased tensions between the colonists and the British government, bringing each closer to the beginning of the war.
This engraving of the Boston Massacre is by the famous patriot Paul Revere. Use the image and your own knowledge of the period to answer the questions below, writing about three to four sentences for each response.
a. Describe the imagery of the engraving, and note any specific details you find important.
Type your response here: the british is wearing the red jackets and they are standing a straight line while killing the colonist.
b. When and where did the engraving first appear? Does this influence the meaning?
Type your response here: its occurred in boston and the greaving apprered in march 5 1770. It doesn’t influence the meaning.
c. What was Revere’s main purpose in producing this piece?
Type your response here: It is regarded as an important historic document but it also contains number of inaccuracies intended by the author to inspire colonists to protest the British rule.
d. Compare and contrast the colonial and British perceptions of the Boston Massacre and Revere’s engraving.
Type your response here:
e. Why might this image be interpreted as propaganda?
Type your response here: revere historic engraving is long on political propaganda and short on accuracy or aesthetics .
Task 2: Causes and Effects of the American Revolution
A historian’s job is to study the past. This means that a historian must think about the causes and effects of historical events, as well as people’s reactions or interpretations of the events. For this task, you’ll need to think like a historian and research the causes or effects of a historical event. Focus your research on one of these two topics: How did religion play a role as a cause of the American independence movement and subsequent Revolution? How did the documents and ideals of the American Revolution, particularly the Declaration of Independence, speak to all people, including women and African slaves? How did these ideals clash with the reality of gender inequality and slavery?
Once you have decided on a topic, conduct research to find resources...
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