Top-Rated Free Essay
History of the 9th Amendment The 9th Amendment reads "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people." In other words, people retain more rights than the ones listed in the Constitution. The 9th amendment is one the least referred to Amendments in decisions of the Supreme Court.
People also say it is one of the most confusing, controversial and misunderstood Amendments to the Constitution.

The 9th Amendment has an interesting background. When the Constitution was written by the Constitutional Convention and submitted to the States for ratification, many began to argue that the Constitution did not protect the basic natural rights of the citizens.

The Anti-Federalist Party (Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and George Mason) claimed that unless certain rights were written down in a Bill of Rights, the government would take over these rights and abuse people. Meanwhile, people in the Federalist Party, including George Washington, John Adams, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, believed that the Constitution didn’t give the government the authority to do anything that wasn’t stated in it. Therefore, they concluded that the Bill of Rights was not only unnecessary, but even potentially dangerous. They believed that if specific rights were listed to be protected from government involvement, people would get the idea that the government controlled the rights that were excluded.

After hearing both sides of the argument, James Madison took a stand and tried coming up with a resolution to the problem even though he agreed more with the Federalists. On June 8, 1789, he brought up to Congress a list of his own suggested amendments to Congress. Among one of the Amendments, was a solution that was later called the 9th Amendment. His solution was worded like this: "The exceptions here or elsewhere in the constitution, made in favor of particular rights, shall not be so construed as to diminish the just importance of other rights retained by the people; or as to enlarge the powers delegated by the constitution; but either as actual limitations of such powers, or as inserted merely for greater caution.

The Congress accepted James Madison’s solution, but not without some final touches before it was added to the Constitution. Congress simplified the wording so that it could be understood better by the people. In the end, the Anti-Federalists won the argument and the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution.

Works Cited

"9th Amendment to the US Constitution." 9th Amendment. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. .

2. Farber, Daniel A. "The 'Silent ' Ninth Amendment Gives Americans Rights They Don 't Know They Have." Home. Web. 18 Feb. 2012. .

Cited: "9th Amendment to the US Constitution." 9th Amendment. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. . 2. Farber, Daniel A. "The 'Silent ' Ninth Amendment Gives Americans Rights They Don 't Know They Have." Home. Web. 18 Feb. 2012. .

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Beethoven's 9th

    • 1176 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Beethoven’s 9th Symphony Notes Writing of Symphony: Beethoven’s Life • Symphony No.9 in D minor was his last symphony • 12 years after his previous symphony • Lived through three major life crisis o End of romance  “immortal beloved”, an unknown woman  Identified as Antonie Brentano by Maynard Soloman  1811, dedicated “An die Geliebte” to her  Beethoven often rejected by women, sought unavailable women  Send Antonie letting proclaiming he was unable to enter lasting relationship…

    • 1176 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    9th Description

    • 746 Words
    • 3 Pages

    DAV PUBLIC SCHOOL THERMAL COLONY, PANIPAT HOLIDAYS HOMEWORK FOR CLASS IX SESSION 2009-10 SUBJECT- ENGLISH TO BE DONE IN BBC SAMPLE PAPER READING Worksheets 1-5 WRITING Notice Worksheets-28-29 Message Worksheets-33-34 Postcard Worksheets-38-39 Article Worksheets-57-58 Speech Worksheets-69-70 Letter Worksheets-46-47 GRAMMAR Errors Worksheets-85 Omitted Words Worksheets-89 Jumbled Words Worksheets-95 Reported Speech Worksheets-99 News Headlines Worksheets-102…

    • 746 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Amendments

    • 7522 Words
    • 31 Pages

    Outline 1. Amendment passed during Zuliqar Bhutto’s regime 2.1. 1st Amendment 2.2. 2nd Amendment 2.3. 3rd Amendment 2.4. 4th Amendment 2.5. 5th Amendment 2.6. 6th Amendment 2.7. 7th Amendment 2. Amendments passed during Junejo’s regime under the influence of Gen Zia 3.8. 8th Amendment 3.9. 9th Amendment 3.10. 10th Amendment 3.11. 11th Amendment 3. Amendments passed during Nawaz, Benazir and Musharraf regime…

    • 7522 Words
    • 31 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Beethoven 9th symphony

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Beethoven Symphony No.9. 4th movement. Ludwig van Beethoven, great music composer, born in December 17, 1770 in Bonn Germany, and died in March 26, 1827 in Vienna. He was interested in music at a very young age. He grew up in a family where his father was a musician but he had drinking problem, and his mother was gentle loving care person. Beethoven claimed his mother as his best friend. When Beethoven took interest in music, his father taught him music day and night and how to play an instrument…

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Beethoven's 9th Music

    • 255 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Beethoven’s 9th symphony conducted by Leonard Bernstein is a truly sophisticated piece of art that takes you through a roller coaster ride of mixed emotions. Feelings of sorrow and fear throughout the piece are coated with affirmation, that there is a light at the end of the tunnel, and then Beethoven continues onto exploding your emotions using sounds that bring feelings of extreme proudness and accomplishment. This end of the journey is a magnificent chorale using a modified version of Schilling’s…

    • 255 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    9th Class

    • 10946 Words
    • 44 Pages

    [pic] CBSE Sample Question Papers • Home • Home > Class IX, Sample Papers > CBSE Sample Paper 2011 of Home Science for Class IX CBSE Sample Paper 2011 of Home Science for Class IX [pic] HOME SCIENCE Class-IX (SA -1) (2010 – 2011) Design of Sample Question paper TIME : 3 Hrs MM : 80 |Type of Questions |Marks of |Total Number of |Total Marks | | |Per Question…

    • 10946 Words
    • 44 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Amendments

    • 353 Words
    • 1 Page

    Castillo10/27/14 The Second, Third, and Fourth Amendments are arguably more important in the everyday lives of US citizens than even the first amendment. I believe this because these are things that are going on in our everyday lives. For example, cops could just search you whenever they want if it wasn’t for the fourth amendment; imagine getting search random times for no reason. The Second Amendment, or Amendment II, of the United States Constitution is the amendment and the section of the Bill of Rights…

    • 353 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Amendments

    • 643 Words
    • 2 Pages

    April 11,2015 Several amendments have been added to the constitution . These amendments changed our government and our society. Amendments like the 19th amendment that was place for the women suffrage and the 18th amendment that allowed alcohol to be sold and drank all were placed for a reason. All the amendments including the two stated have a historical circumstance that led to the adoption of these amendments. Along with that these amendments changes society and te government and…

    • 643 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Fanny Chen October 30, 2007 Beethoven’s 9th Symphony Movement 1 Analysis To assign the first movement of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony the sonata form would truly be a subjective judgment.I will first explain how this movement fits the sonata form; then I will discuss how it diverges from this form in rather fascinating ways. Broadly speaking, the first movement can be divided into three pieces, each beginning with a version of what I have denoted A_0, the introduction to the piece in which…

    • 838 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Infringements on Americas 2nd Amendment Rights and the Causes for Them REFERENCE PAGE LINK: http://www.info.publicintelligence.net ARTICLE: EDITION C: United States Army Military Police School Fort McClellan, Alabama, Edition Date: April 2006 (Sub-course Overview) LINK: http://www.huffingtonpost.com ARTICLE: Columbine High School Had Armed Guard during Massacre in 1999 LINK: http://cnn.com ARTICLE: Sandy Hook Shooting: What Happened? LINK: http://www.infowars.com/army-manual-outlines-plan-to-kill-rioters-in-america…

    • 1758 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays