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9-11 and the Effects on the America

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9-11 and the Effects on the America
Travis Nichols
U.S. History 1896 – Present
Aaron Weinstein
9-11 & the Effects on America The events that took place on September 11th 2001 changed the way things worked in America. On that day Islamic extremist high jacked four U.S. airplanes with the intent of crashing them into the twin towers, the Pentagon and the White House. Two of the planes did indeed crash into the twin towers in New York City and another was used to hit the pentagon. The passengers on the last plane however, fought back, and it was landed before it could be used to hit the white house. These were the first attacks ever directed toward U.S. civilian population. These calculated attacks lead to the need for an immediate change in the way U.S. approached defending itself.
One of the major changes that were caused by the attack of 9/11 was the introduction to the Patriot Act. The Patriot Act gives the U.S. power to deter and punish terrorist acts in the U.S. and around the world. It was passed on October 26th, 2001, just forty-six days after the attacks on the twin towers and the pentagon occurred. The patriot act dramatically reduced restrictions on law enforcement agencies ' ability to search telephone, e-mails, medical, financial, and other records; eased restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within the United States. Basically there was nothing off limits to government agencies such as the F.B.I., they were able to obtain any documents they felt necessary to fight terrorism. It also expanded the Secretary of the Treasury’s authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and broadened the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting anyone they thought to be a threat/ terrorist. To some people this kind of immediate reaction was something that was desperately needed to show some kind of action on the behalf of America- to show that U.S. was committed to ensuring that an



Bibliography: Abramson, By Larry, and Maria Godoy. "NPR: The Patriot Act: Key Controversies." NPR : National Public Radio: News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. Web. 01 Apr. 2011. http://www.npr.org/news/specials/patriotact/patriotactprovisions.html   "EPIC - USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162)." EPIC - Electronic Privacy Information Center. Web. 01 Apr. 2011. http://epic.org/privacy/terrorism/hr3162.html   Papp, Daniel S., Loch K. Johnson, and John E. Endicott. American Foreign Policy: History, Politics, and Policy. New York: Pearson Longman, 2005. Print.   Smith, Cary Stacy., and Li-Ching Hung. The Patriot Act: Issues and Controversies. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 2010. Print.

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