9 10 Emir Zaman MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT

Topics: Millennium Development Goals, United Nations, Poverty Pages: 16 (3393 words) Published: November 13, 2014
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & RESOURCES

MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN ZIMBABWE

Caner Özgür Emir

no. 57941

Junaid Zaman Malik no. 57942

2

Contents
Country Facts .......................................................................................................................................... 3 History ............................................................................................................................................. 4 Economic Overview......................................................................................................................... 4 Millennium Development Goals in Zimbabwe ....................................................................................... 5 Millennium Development Goals Progress in Zimbabwe ......................................................................... 6 Progress of MDGs Given National Priority .......................................................................................... 6 All Millennium Development Goals Progress of Zimbabwe in General ............................................ 12 CONCLUSION......................................................................................................................................... 15 REFERENCES .......................................................................................................................................... 16

3

Country Facts

o

Country

: Zimbabwe

o

Capital

: Harare

o

Population

: 12.973.808

o

Adult literacy rate

: 92.5%

o

Life expectancy at birth

: 52.7 years

o

Population living below Total Consumption Poverty Line

o

Area (in sq. km)

: 390,757

o

Language(s)

: English, Shona, Ndebele

o

Per capita income

: $ 424

o

Human Development Index : 172th. 1

: 72.3 %

The Republic of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital is Harare. President Robert Mugabe is the head of state and commander – in-chief of the armed forces. The name Zimbabwe is derived from the Shona, dzimbadzemabwe, meaning houses of stone or stone buildings, today symbolized by the Great Zimbabwe Ruins near the present day town of Masvingo. Zimbabwe has a rich history, not only of achievement, innovation, co-operation and economic prosperity, but also of conflict, trials and tribulations that reflects the dynamism of its peoples.2

1 UNDP Country Factsheet http://www.zw.undp.org/content/zimbabwe/en/home/countryinfo/ 2 UNDP Country Factsheet http://www.zw.undp.org/content/zimbabwe/en/home/countryinfo/

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History
At independence In 1980, Zimbabwe inherited a dual economy characterised by a relatively well-developed modern sector and a largely poor informal urban and rural sector that employed about 80% of the labour force. Since 1980, the manufacturing sector has been the major driver of the economy contributing about 20% of GDP on average. However, by 2006, manufacturing had declined to a contribution of about 15% to GDP while agriculture assumed the highest contribution of 17% to GDP (Zimbabwe Medium Term-Plan 20112015). During the decade from 1998 to 2008, the economy was faced with a number of complex challenges including severe macroeconomic instability and the unstable macroeconomic environment characterized by hyper inflation, with the official annual inflation reaching 231 million% and monthly inflation at 1800% in July 2008. Furthermore, real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) cumulatively declined by over 50% during the period 2000-2008. However the launch of the 2011-2015 Medium Term Plan heralded an economic paradigm premised on the idea shared growth and economic development.3

Economic Overview
The country’s east is mountainous with Mount Nyangani as the...
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