Unit 504 Develop health and safety and risk management policies procedures and practices that are relevant to health and social care or children and young peoples settings.
Explain the legislative framework for health and safety and risk management.
The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety. Under this Act, the employer, the workers and the individuals being supported have responsibilities to ensure safety is maintained in the workplace. The employer should display a copy of this Act on the main premises. The main purpose of the legislation is:
To secure the health, safety and welfare of people at work
To protect others from risks arising from the activities of people at work
To control the use and storage of dangerous substances
To control the emission into the atmosphere of noxious or offensive substances Other key pieces of legislation that sit alongside and support the Health and Safety at Work Act are:
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992 emphasize what employers are required to achieve under the Health and Safety at Work Act.
The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (known as COSHH) require employers to control substances that can harm workers' health.
The Manual Handling Regulations 1992 sets out requirements for manual handling and moving and handling of people.
The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1985 (known as RIDDOR) sets out what needs to be reported.
You may also need to consider that your workplace is an individual’s home It is important to have relevant risk assessments in place staff to be able to read understand and follow these and to have received the relevant training “Five Steps to Risk Assessment”.
Step 1 Identify the hazards
Step 2 Decide who might be harmed and how
Step 3 Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions
Step 4 Record