Economic growth is the increase in the ability to produce new resources. This is caused by having more resources, better resources, and having better technology. To achieve maximum satisfaction we need to use our existing resources wisely.
Productive efficiency is when we produce products at a minimum cost. By producing at a minimum cost fewer resources are used and more can be produced. This can be achieved by not using more resources then necessary, by using resources where they are best situated, and using appropriate technology for the job. We can maximize satisfaction by not wasting resources and using resources where they are best situated. An example of this is if Harper hired thirty janitors to do the job that five janitors could do. Could the janitors stretch out the work so that all thirty people are looking busy, sure they can but that would be using productive efficiency. They should let the other twenty five workers go and only keep the five that are needed for the job.
Allocative Efficiency is using our limited resources to produce the right mix of goods, more of what people want, and less of what people don’t want. How does this maximize society’s satisfaction and reduce scarcity? Well if we took all the steel would we want to produce more horseshoes or cars, the better choice would be to use most of the steel on cars because that is what the people want. It would Allocative inefficiency if we create too much or too little, that would cause a shortage or a surplus. This would affect scarcity the same way that it did with the grain overproduction in the states.
Equity is the fair distribution of income, or goods and services. This cannot be reduced do to the fact that we don’t know if we have it or not. What we might think is fair could actually be fair. Is it fair for a doctor and janitor to be paid the same, no the doctor should make way more than the janitor does. Also the more that we consume of a product the less extra satisfaction the product will yield per unit. An example of this is if Obama had three billion pants and we the people were naked. If he gave each one of the three million people one pair of pants our satisfaction for the pants would be much greater than his loss for the pants. This is due to the fact that we went form no pants to one and he went from three billion to about two billion and seven hundred million. He still won’t use all of his pants in his lifetime and we will use that one pair every day.
The last E is full employment. Full employment is defined as using all available resources. How can we use all of our land to produce more goods/services to provide all of our wants is a common question asked with full employment. Examples of full employment are how we use our land to produce more jobs so we can lower the unemployment rate.