5 Critical Factors and Social Movements Study Guide

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Social movements in the United States
Antiwar movement-against the Vietnam War
Antipoverty movement
Civil Rights movement-the fight for equal rights for all (Martin Luther King Jr)
Women’s Rights movement
These social movements wanted change from the old government policies and/or traditional patterns of behavior.

Some social movements started to fight this change. They wanted to keep tradition. They resisted change.
Prayer in Public Schools movement
Pro-life movement-antiabortion
Antipornography
Usually movements are either change oriented/liberal (top) or change resistant/conservative (bottom); however, a movement is not always one or the other:
Women’s Rights movement and Antislavery movement can be both of these. It really depends on how you look at them.

Two types of movements:
Reform movement- changes a small aspect of society but doesn’t completely change everything like government or economy
Civil Rights Movement- it wanted limited change; equal rights
Revolutionary movement- participants want to completely change everything
China Revolution- Communists transformed China’s economy by taking away property and giving it to the state (gov’t)
Usually accompanied by violence
This violence can be called terrorism by the ruling power being threatened
Guerrilla warfare-a war tactic where the fighters use the land and geography to their advantage. They fight in small wars and move very quickly.
Counterinsurgency techniques- how the ruling power responds to the movement, arrests, executions…Think of the techniques used by the Egyptian government

Two types of Revolutions
Left-wing revolution-goal is to change major social and political institutions. Oftentimes, redistribution of wealth-lessening the gap between rich and poor.
Right-wing revolution-goal is to restore traditional institutions. Maintaining social order and traditional authority is more important than achieving social equality. *Revolutions can be both of the

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