5 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE New

Topics: Rhetoric, Conceptual framework, Metaphrase Pages: 30 (1176 words) Published: January 31, 2015
BETTINA JOYCE P. ILAGAN
Department of Languages and Mass Communication
College of Arts and Sciences
Cavite State University

Building up
your RRL

Why do a literature
review?

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provides information useful for
developing other parts of your
study like research design,
framework, definitions, methods
for data gathering, data analysis
and interpretation
leads you to the theoretical and
conceptual frameworks of your
study

• provides basis for identifying
relevant variables
• helps to avoid duplication of
studies

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• leads you to aspects of problems
that have not been explored
• gives ideas on how to avoid
weaknesses of previous studies

Purposes of the
RevLit
• To show that the researcher is
familiar with the key ideas in
his/her field of study

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• To show that the knowledge in
the field is incomplete, unreliable,
or both
• To show that the findings of the
proposed study will add,
supplement, or correct present
knowledge

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Classifications of
Literature
• Research literature- published or
unpublished reports of actual
research studies done previously.
It includes experiments, surveys,
results and findings of
undergraduate theses, master’s
theses, or dissertations which can
support the present study.

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Classifications of
Literature

Conceptual literature- articles or
books written by authorities giving
their opinions, experiences,
theories or ideas of what is good
and bad, desirable and undesirable
within the problem area. It includes
printed materials such as books,
encyclopedias, etc. with great
bearing on the present study.

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How do we know what to
look for?
 Examine the concept(s) you are
studying (title)
 Identify the variables you will use for
studying such concept(s) (objectives)
 Look for other concepts, variables,
constructs, and terms that you need
to review on (conceptual framework,
definitions)
 Check whether you are looking into
relationships or pure case analysis

Literature Search
Strategies

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1. Break out the pool of literature in
the field. You can find highly
relevant materials in other fields.
2. Put together all the materials
that deal with similar topics. This
way, you can relate the studies
with one another.

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Literature Search
Strategies
3. From the card catalogue in a library,
you will be able to identify a book that
is closely related to your study. Go to
the shelf and pick out the book you
have identified. The materials in this
book will have supporting materials in
other books on the same shelf. Look
at other books located above, below,
to the right, and to the left of the book
you have picked out. They may
contain relevant materials.

Literature Search
Strategies

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4. Refer to the list of references at
the end of the book or journal you
have found. Those references will
give you the needed relevant
materials.

How do you organize
your RRL?

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The concept(s) and variables can
serve as your heading and
subheadings
Within the write up, you can
further organize based on:
- chronology
- themes

Writing skills required
in building up the RRL
 Paraphrasing
 Summarizing
 Managing quotations
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 Synthesizing
 Citing or documenting
sources

What is a
paraphrase?

bjpilagan2013

- restating an author’s idea in
your own words and style (Plata
et al., 2007)
- putting a passage from an
author into “your own words
(The Writer’s Handbook, online)
- restating in your own words
the statement of others; a

Techniques in
paraphrasing

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1. Imagine as if you were explaining
the original text to someone who
doesn’t share the same
background with that of the author
of the original material.
2. Write the paraphrase the way you
would give that explanation.
3....


References: and E. R. CALERO. 2007. Keys to Success in Academic Writing. Philippines:
Trailblazers Publications.
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