5-Phase Project Management

Topics: Project management, Management, Work breakdown structure Pages: 81 (20165 words) Published: June 22, 2013
5-PHASE PROJECT MANAGEMENT

JOSEPH W. WEISS, Ph.D., Bentley College ROBERT K. WYSOCKI, Ph.D., The TMS Group

5-PHASE PROJECT MANAGEMENT
A PRACTICAL PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION GUIDE

PERSEUS BOOKS
Cambridge, Massachusetts

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-PublicationData
Weiss, Joseph W. 5-phase project management : a practical planning & implementation guide / by Joseph W. Weiss, Robert K. Wysocki. I p. " . Includes bibliographical references (p. ) and index. ISBN 0-201-56316-9 (pbk. : acid-free paper) 1. Industrial project management. I. Wysocki, Robert K. 11. Title. 111. Title: Five-phase project management. HD69.P75W46 1992 658.4'044~20 91-42548 CIP

Copyright 1992 O by Perseus Books Publishing, L.L.C. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means, electronic, pechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written consent of the publisher. Printed in the United States of America. Cover design by Joyce C. Weston Text design by Wilson Graphics & Design (Kenneth J. Wilson) Set in 10 point Palatino by Shepard Poorman Communications Corporation Perseus Books is a member of the Perseus Books Group

Find us on the World Wide Web at http://www.perseusboo .corn

CONTENTS
Preface xi

Who Needs Project Management Methods? xi What Techniques Does This Book Offer? xi Why We Wrote 5-Phase Project Management xii The Use of 5-Phase Project Management xiii

Part I PLANNING THE PROJECT 1
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 3

First Things First: What Is a Project? 3 What Is Project Management? 4 Planning 4 Organizing 4 Controlling 4 Change 4 Ten Major Causes of Project Failure 6 Adopting a Project Management Mind-set 6 Chapter 2 DEFINING THE PROJECT:THE PROJECT OVERVIEW 9

State the Problem 9 What Is the Problem/Opportunity? 10 What Is to Be Done? 10 Who Is Responsible for the Project? 11 When Must the Project Be Completed? 11 The "Water Cooler" Imposed Deadline 11 The Planned and Estimated Deadline 12 Identify Project Goals 12 List the Objectives 13 What Criteria Will Be Used to Evaluate Project Success? 14 Determine Preliminary Resources 14 First Scenario 15 Second Scenario 15

vi

Contents

Identify Assumptions and Risks 15 Example: Planning a Professional Conference 16 The Birth of a Conference 16 Summary 18 Project Overview Quality Control Checklist 18 Project Overview Acid Test 19 Chapter 3 SPECIFYING THE PROJECT 21

Identify Project Activities 21 Work Breakdown Structures (WBS) 22 Characteristics of a Successful Work Breakdown Structure 22 Steps for Constructing a Work Breakdown Structure 23 Work Breakdown Structure-Hierarchical Representation 23 Uses of the Work Breakdown Structure 27 Estimate Time and Cost 28 Estimating Activity Time-Highly Speculative Situations 28 Estimating Activity Cost 29 Project Specification Quality Control Checklist 30 Project Specification Acid Test 31 Chapter 4 SEQUENCING THE PROJECT ACTIVITIES 33

Sequence Project Activities 33 Precedence Diagramming Techniques 34 Identify Critical Activities 36 Activity Start and Completion Times 37 Earliest Start and Earliest Finish Times 37 Latest Start and Latest Finish Times 37 Locating the Critical Path 38 Use of the Network and Critical Path 40 Planning 40 Implementation 40 Control 40 The Critical Path 40 Project Network Quality Control Checklist 41 Project Network Acid Test 41 Chapter 5 WRITING THE PROJECT PROPOSAL 43

Purpose 43 Format 44

Contents

vii

Project Name 44 Project Manager 44 Activity 44 Schedule 44 Project Budget 46 Underestimating Project Costs 46 Overestimating Project Costs 46 Estimating the Budget 46 Revenue and Expense Estimates 49 Project Proposal Quality Control Checklist 49 Project Proposal Acid Test 49

Part I1 IMPLEMENTING THE PROJECT 51
Chapter 6 ORGANIZING THE PROJECT TEAM 53

Determining Personnel Needs: Selecting the Project Manager 53 Timing 54 Selection Criteria 54...
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