5.1 Electronic Data Interchange Case Study

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5.0 THE PORT USER NEED
5.1 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
The development of containerization in world trade took place in the 1960s and 1970s when computerization was well established in commerce and was developing very quickly into other areas. The newly emerging container ports and terminals were ideal for the development of inventory and logistics control type computer systems and those systems have been continually updated as the container trade became more sophisticated and as the capability of computer systems advanced. Thus container shipping was one of the early industries to become heavily reliant on operational computer systems.
However, it is one thing being able to access all the information in your computer systems on your
…show more content…
In order to provide better services and improve attractiveness to users and cargo, major seaports feature modern and high technology facilities and equipment that can facilitate a full range of cargo handling and related activities. Mostly they are supported by an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) system which allows for quick clearance of cargo through the electronic transfer of documentation. EDI is a powerful way of business communicating and the benefits of integrating EDI are significant such as facilitate advanced, flexible and more effective customs clearance, data transfer between ports, user-friendly interface for port operators and so …show more content…
Efficiencies in Customs clearance
Another area of port operations which has been streamlined beyond recognition through the implementation of EDI is the collation and dissemination of the information required by HM Customs.
Every year, thousands of export-related entries are made at the UK’s three main ports of London, Liverpool and Southampton. Each of these represents a single commodity shipment leaving the UK and may attract a whole host of paper-based information vital for the various authorities involved. The electronic system provides an integrated approach that links inventory and community management systems with HM Customs’ CHIEF exports system.
The CHIEF system, developed to get faster and rationalize information on imports and exports through British ports by transferring information from computer to computer using EDI messages, has been in operation for several months now and is proving to be a quick and efficient system for import-related entries. However, many shipping and forwarding agents are reluctant to move over to the exports system, even though direct links between the various parties not only reduce paper pollution and speed up transactions, but also generate a useful database of information on all export

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