Preview

5.05 Jack London Essay Example

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
459 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
5.05 Jack London Essay Example
Part 1
1. What does "survival of the fittest" mean, and where does the phrase come from?
This phrase refers to competing in life, or predominance. It was first coined by Herbert Spencer in his book “The Principles of Biology”, and was later used by Charles Darwin.
2. What is socialism? Why was London attracted to it?
It’s another word for public ownership. London was attracted to it because he had lived a life of poverty and was interested in the idea of total power.
3. What is social Darwinism? What were its origins and how did London interpret this philosophy?
It’s a social version of “survival of the fittest”, social climbers competing to reach the top and creating social evolution. It was of course created by Darwin and he used his theories of the evolution of animals and applied it to human society. London used this theory and mixed it with racialism.

Part 2
1. What is the setting of the story?
The setting of the story was in England, in the Yukon Territory.
2. What is the central conflict of the story? What is the source of the struggle?
The main character, Tom Vincent, has to build a fire after trying to travel back to camp in cold weather. He has a stubborn and disrespectful attitude towards others and doesn’t head the warning of a old man or any other person he comes across during his journey
3. What happens to Tom Vincent at the end of the story? What does he learn?
Because of his disrespectful attitude towards other, his dog refuses to help him and in the end he dies from the cold temperature.
Part 3
1. What happens to the central character at the end of the second version?
He tries to run to build up heat in his body, but has no stamina. He sits on the snow and feels sorry for not listening to the old man who warned him to not travel alone, then ends falling asleep into death in the snow.
2. Which one of these endings do you think more clearly meets the conventions of naturalism? Be sure to consider the concept of determinism as

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    8. What is the main type of conflict in this story. Provide examples from the story to explain your answer.…

    • 272 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    One reason the main character died is because he did not follow the trait of perception. In his crisis, he did not realize the severity of his situation. First, he does not realize the implications of how cold it is. The bitter cold meant nothing more to him than fifty degrees below zero (London 78). He never realized until body parts were numb that the cold was dangerous. Also, he had ignored the advice from an old-timer he had met at Sulfur Creek: “No man must travel alone in the Klondike after fifty below,” (London 85). The man, instead of going with someone, idiotically left his group of friends to see if he could profit from logging in the Yukon (London 78). Finally, after not seeing any harbingers of springs for half an hour, he suddenly falls in a hole (London 83). Perhaps he became careless and did not notice his own doom, as evidenced by how London wrote that everything seemed to be safe (London 83). Of course, he should…

    • 688 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the beginning of the story, he was arrogant and didn’t care about what the weather was like, even when the old timer told him that when it’s fifty below, travel with a partner. “The mysterious, far-reaching hairline trail, the absence of sun from the sky, the tremendous cold, and the strangeness and weirdness of it all -- made no impression on the man”(1). During the middle of the story, he found himself getting frustrated. “He had never experienced such cold, walking he rubbed his cheek-bones and nose, and the following instant the end of his nose went numb”(3). Soon he started to realize that he should’ve listened to the old timer. Towards the end, when he finally grasped that he was going to freeze to death, he was first fearful of dying, but then panic started to set in. Which made him run around in a frenzy to keep his warmth. But after a while, he comprehended that, that wasn’t going to help, so he calmed himself. “He was bound to freeze anyway, and he might as well take it decently. With his new found peace if mind came the first of drowsiness. A good idea, he thought, to sleep off to…

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Ethan Frome Vs Man

    • 752 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Trying to reach the camp by himself with no one else, but a dog, the “Man” completely ignores the temperature and believes that it “did not matter” other than an obstacle to get around. He believes that if a person keeps moving, the temperature doesn’t matter and it won’t effect the journey other than a hinderance of moving. The “Man” continues on his journey while his fingers and toes are already numb, leaving the rest of the body to quickly follow. After falling through ice into water, the “Man” is quick to build a fire and when he succeeded, the snow-filled tree dropped snow on the top of it. He assessed the situation and realized that “he should not have built the fire under the pine tree”. Pine trees are a weak type of tree and their limbs will bounce if pressure is applied, the “Man” ignored the obvious hazard and built the fire under the tree, finishing the fire and himself off. By ignoring the temperature and losing the fire,allows fate to complete with his death and make him unsuccessful toward his want of reaching the camp.…

    • 752 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Darwinism is the idea of “survival of the fittest,” particularly in regards to one’s rate of reproduction. Race-suicide refers to when a native population—the “superior” stock—is outbred by immigrants who are “racially inferior” to them. These terms are kindred in the eyes of eugenists, as the reproduction of these “inferior” immigrants could cause there to be less opportunities for the more “fit” and superior natives. Additionally, these Progressive Era eugenists based fitness not on Darwin’s criteria of a high reproduction rate, but rather on other attributes such as race. In page 209 of Retrospectives, a leading economist named Edward A. Ross argued that treating people of differing races as equal was dangerous, because it led to the deaths…

    • 225 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    To Build A Fire

    • 692 Words
    • 3 Pages

    London vehemently describes the man’s ignorance in choosing to travel through such conditions; it was the man’s first winter in the foreign land and he was severely underprepared for the harsh troubles that the Territory presented. Once the man had created his first successful fire, he foolishly left it behind in his pursuit of the far-off camp that sang his name like a siren, and despite multiple warnings from more seasoned travelers, the man had decided to go it alone save for the presence of a native husky. The husky knew how to survive in such a dangerous land, for “its instinct told it a truer tale than was told to the man by the man’s judgment” (London 125). The animal’s countenance was unshakably depressed because it “knew it was no time for travelling” (London 125). When the first fire had been created, the dog “yearned back towards the fire” for it knew very well what real cold felt like due to its ancestry (London 128). While the man was living and able to provide food and fire, the husky trailed along dutifully, but when the man had died in the snow the husky had to leave. There was nothing more that the dead man could for the husky, so he left the traveler to seek out the camp that had “food providers and fire providers” (London…

    • 692 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The first idea that both Darwin and London relate to in their works is the conflict of an individual against another individual within the same species. In life, there is an imperative need to be the best of the best. In order to fulfill this goal, animals must compete against one another to claim the higher position. For example, in wolves, there is an organized social structure where at the top sits the alpha-male, the strongest and most skillful wolf in a pack who has won his way up. Likewise, in Origin of the Species, Darwin said: “as more individuals are produced than can possibly survive, there must in every case be a struggle for existence, either one individual with another of the same species, or with the individuals of distinct species,…

    • 1491 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    As the sun rises in the Yukon, a hiker, along with his dog, begin their journey to a camp near a prospect area potentially filled with gold. Although the man dresses properly for the arctic weather, he does not thoroughly weigh the results of his actions for traveling in such dangerous conditions. After stepping in water and being doused with snow from a tree, he realizes the need to start a fire is vital for survival. After several unsuccessful attempts, the man resorts to his final option of killing his dog for a source of heat. The man is so weak from the cold, he is unable to kill the dog, and…

    • 542 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There was nothing more isolating then traveling alone in the Yukon in temperatures under 75 degrees bellow zero, with no cell phone, no nose guard to keep his nose and face warm, and simply not enough warmth. The story “To Build a Fire” by Jack London has several themes that was covered throughout the story about a man that decided to travel the Yukon trail followed by a wolf dog. The traveler was given advice and warnings from an old man from Sulphur Creek but simply didn’t take it into consideration. The traveler overcomes numerous emotions throughout his adventure such as the five stages of grief, which is, denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance that centers his survival. He goes through a combination of emotions as he faces near death situations, therefore resulting the main themes of the story which is firstly, ego and pride, secondly, denial and anger, and lastly, bargaining and acceptance.…

    • 765 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Break Of Day Analysis

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages

    gets caught in a fire, in an attempt to save the horses that were trapped. John Cresswell,…

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    “To Build a Fire” by Jack London is about a man’s ultimate struggle for survival in hypothermic conditions. Set in the Yukon, the man suffers many tribulations, including building an unsuccessful fire under a snow-ridden spruce tree, and using other botched forestry techniques that others would have avoided. The theme of this story is that advice should be taken from others who have experienced wisdom in drastic situations.…

    • 282 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    To Build A Fire Essay

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The story “ To build a fire “ by Jack london is about a man who goes hiking alone in the woods, with only his dog to accompany him. He is the trying to make it to where his friends are. To do so he must go through “Henderson Creek.” Along the way he faces many dangers. The overall meaning of “To Build a Fire” is to think things through in life. The author conveys this through the use of conflict.…

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    To Build a Fire Analysis

    • 371 Words
    • 2 Pages

    While the man is cautious in some ways, as the story progresses he becomes more and more apathetic. He is unprepared for the harsh weather conditions in the first place by travelling alone.…

    • 371 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The story is takes place at a Yukon trail and a man, a “newcomer” to the area, is making a daring attempt to cross this dangerous pathway through an extreme environment to meet up with his friends (1057). The temperature at the area is “fifty degrees below zero” (1057) and “exceeding cold and gray” (1057). The man travels by foot without many personal items except a lunch bag that is hidden “under his jacket”; he also travels with a companion, a native husky dog (1058). This area is full of many “traps” (1067), small water streams hidden under icy surfaces . The man knows this fact but he keep on going disregarding the conditions. He meets misfortune when he accidentally steps on one of these “traps” (1067) and drenches his boot up to the knee. This tragedy forces the man to stop and build a fire for drying out. However, his initial fire is diminished when a chunk of snow from an overhead branch of a tree falls over the flame. Frozen and nearly handicapped by the -75 degrees weather, the man's panicked attempt at building a second fire is now hindered greatly, this time by his own poor…

    • 875 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The road

    • 451 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Realizing that they cannot survive the oncoming winter where they are, the father takes the boy south, along empty roads towards the sea, carrying their meager possessions in their knapsacks and in a supermarket cart. The man coughs blood from time to time and eventually realizes he is dying, yet still struggles to protect his son from the constant threats of attack, exposure, and starvation.They have a revolver, but only two rounds.…

    • 451 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays