4Cs of Engineering and Management

Topics: Collaboration, Content management system, Computer telephony integration Pages: 15 (3820 words) Published: November 19, 2008





By ………….

Soumik Datta

MBA Final yr Student


In the absence of a more specific context, convergence denotes the approach toward a definite value, as time goes on or to a definite point, a common view or opinion, or toward a fixed or equilibrium state. Convergent is the adjectival form, and also a noun meaning an iterative approximation.

Types of convergence:

Technological Convergence:

Technological convergence is the tendency for different technological systems to evolve towards performing similar tasks. Convergence can refer to previously separate technologies such as voice (telephony features), data (productivity applications) and video that now share resources and interact with each other, synergistically creating new efficiencies. Convergence in this instance is defined as the interlinking of computing and other information technologies, media content and communication networks that have arisen as the result of the evolution and popularization of the Internet as well as the activities, products and services that have emerged in the digital media space. Many experts view this as simply being the tip of the iceberg, as all facets of institutional activity and social life such as business, government, art, journalism, health and education are increasingly being carried out in these digital media spaces across a growing network of ICT devices. Also included in this topic is the basis of computer networks, wherein many different operating systems are able to communicate via different protocols. This could be a prelude to artificial intelligence networks on the internet and eventually leading to a powerful super intelligence via a Technological singularity. Technological Convergence can also refer to the phenomena of a group of technologies developed for one use being utilized in many different contexts. This often happens to military technology as well as most types of machine tools and now silicon chips.

Uniform Convergence:

In the mathematical field of analysis, uniform convergence is a type of convergence stronger than point wise convergence. A sequence {fn} of functions converges uniformly to a limiting function f if the speed of convergence of fn(x) to f(x) does not depend on x. The concept is important because several properties of the functions {fn}, such as continuity and Riemann integrability, are transferred to the limit (f) if the convergence is uniform. 

Supplier Convergence:

Supplier convergence is a term used to describe the ongoing trend of companies offering a combination of services or products that were previously supplied by separate companies. It is not to be confused with product convergence, where one product combines and replaces several others; rather, supplier convergence happens primarily through mergers and acquisitions, or through the expansion of larger companies into areas previously dominated by specialty businesses.

Telecommunication Convergence:

Telecommunications convergence is a concept dating back to AT&T in 1928 but has evolved in the 21st century to dominate the market positioning of telecoms operators. It is reflected in the product portfolio operators offer (vertical integration), and in the channels through which their products are sold and serviced (horizontal integration). Telecommunication convergence is a disruptive technology. Communication media including electronic media, telecommunications media and broadcast media were discrete business operations providing distinct services. Broadcasting, voice telephony and on-line computer services were operated on different platforms: TV and radiosets, telephones and computer and were managed by different Business Support Systems. Different broadcasting media were each regulated differently by different regulators. Telecom Media Convergence is...
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