4a Italian Unification

Topics: Italy, Italian unification, Giuseppe Garibaldi Pages: 16 (524 words) Published: January 24, 2015
ITALIAN
UNIFICATION

4 PARTS OF ITALY
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies—ruled by the French
Papal States—governed by the Pope
Northern Italian States—controlled by Austria
Kingdom of Sardinia/Piedmont—ruled by King Victor
Emmanuel

A

•Kingdom of the Two
Sicilies—ruled by the
French

A

KV
A

•Papal States—
governed by the
Pope

P
F

KV

F

•Northern Italian
States—controlled
by Austria
•Kingdom of
Sardinia/Piedmont—
ruled by King Victor
Emmanuel

Italian term for the movement of unification
Risorgimento—nationalist movement
Why was Italy hard to unify?
1. lots of rivers and mountains to divide country
2. foreign nations controlled parts of Italy—
Kingdom of Two Sicilies=France, Venice=Austria
3 most important people who worked for Italian
unification
-Mazzini
- Cavour
-Garibaldi

MAZZINI

He was the leader of Risorgimento who was the first nationalist leader of Italy
Young Italy- An organization dedicated to unite Italy under a democratic government and reform Italy’s social structure
Why important? He inspired Italian nationalists to work towards unifying Italy

CAVOUR
Sardinia was the only
independent state left within
the Italian Peninsula
It was ruled by a king
 King Victor Emmanuel II

It’s government was a
constitutional monarchy
His chief minister was
Camillo Benso di Cavour

CAVOUR
He was opposed to Austrian domination, so
he joined Risorgimento (unification
movement).
He unified Italy through diplomacy and
political maneuvering. This included making
alliances with France (why France??) so he
could go to war with Austria and gain the
territory of Lombardy.
France wanted Nice for its help.
French and Piedmontese were able to defeat
the Austrians and take over Lombardy.

Piedmont
Region
Lombardy Now
Under Cavoursince he and
France were
able to defeat
the Austrians;
then people
voted to
become part of
the Piedmont
region

Cavour’s diplomacy was very
practical. He didn’t care what
happened as long as it moved Italian
unification along.
He is known as the Architect
of Italian unification

GARIBALDI
Conquered Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (South) with his

force/army called the Red Shirts. He then unified the rest of southern Italy through military force.
Believed in a liberal society which supported workers’ rights, self determination, and female emancipation.

Where
Garibaldi
Began

Even though he disliked the idea of a monarchy, he
was worried about a civil war between northern and
southern Italy. So he turned over the K of 2 S to Victor
Emmanuel who was the King of Northern Italy
Now, the nationalists need Venice and the Papal States

AUSTRIAN/FRENCH
Italians
gain Venice (controlled
DOMINATION
ENDSby Austria)…

HOW?

~ They supported Prussia in the Seven Weeks
War against Austria, so they gained Venice when
Austria lost the war.
The French withdrew their troops from Rome due
to their war with Prussia (Franco-Prussian War).
Italian soldiers took over Rome/Papal States.
Italy was united, with Rome as its capital.
The Pope is not happy and does not recognize
the new Italian state

PROBLEMS FOR THE NEW
UNIFIED COUNTRY
Cultural differences between the north and south
Industrious in the North, and agricultural in the south
Standard of living was low
Labor problems

C.I.N.G.S
C- Cavour
I- in
N- north
G- Garibaldi
S- south

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