1.1 & 1.2 ) Physical abuse is when victims are being punched, kicked, scratched, slapped or inappropriate grabbing or restraining. The signs or symptoms could be unexplained cuts or bruises. The victim may become timid and withdrawn; there could also be a change in their behaviour such as if they are normally quite a calm person they could become more aggressive or angry. They could also become more withdrawn around people.
Sexual abuse involves inappropriate touching, physical sex or carrying out sexual acts without the victim giving consent. This can be done through restraints or methods of persuasion or bullying. The signs and symptoms could be unexpected or explicit sexual behaviour or language, certain injuries specifically in the genital or anal region, there could also be difficulty in sitting or walking.
Emotional/psychological abuse can be done verbally. It can be threatening, humiliating and intimidating. It can lead to the victim feeling isolated and depressed. It can also be done no verbally such as withdrawal of affection. Signs and symptoms would be change in a person’s behaviour, feeling fearful or becoming withdrawn.
Financial abuse is when the victim experiences a misuse of money or theft of belongings and can also be subject to theft or fraud. Signs and symptoms would be a loss of the victims money or unexplained debts or over spending.
Institutional abuse is when routines and rules deny a person to do what they would like when they like. It can be as simple as when they have to go to bed or get up or only having certain times to eat or drink, it generally occurs when staff only think of themselves and not for the people they are supporting. Signs and symptoms could be changes in behaviours which can lead them to feel disorientated or distressed .
Self-neglect is when people are unable or choose not to look after themselves and their own daily needs such as washing,