8. Describe person centred care.
Person centred care is about caring for the person, rather than the illness. Person-centred caring is about maintaining the persons dignity. It's about learning what things the patient responds well to, and treating them like a human being. Person-centred care involves tailoring a person's care to their interests, abilities, history and personality. This helps them to take part in the things they enjoy and can be an effective way of preventing and managing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. The key points of person-centred care are: treating the person with dignity and respect
recognising person’s individuality and valuing the person
understanding their history, lifestyle, culture and preferences, including their likes, dislikes, hobbies and interests looking at situations from the point of view of the person with dementia enabling social relationships - providing opportunities for the person to have conversations and relationships with other people ensuring the person has the chance to try new things or take part in activities they enjoy enabling choice, inclusion
Family, carers and the person with dementia (where possible) should always be involved in developing a care plan based on person-centred care. Their knowledge and understanding of the person is extremely valuable to make sure the care plan is right for them. Person-centred care is a way of providing care with the person at the centre of everything you do. Another way of describing it is individualised care – care that is given to the person according to their needs, wishes, beliefs and preferences. Studies have shown that a person-centred approach can help reduce agitation in the person with dementia. Agitation is often caused by the person’s frustration in not being able to express themselves. The expression could be one of sadness, pain, thirst, hunger or tiredness. Other studies on a person-centred approach have shown that the person often remains living in their own home for longer. A person-centred approach can also ensure that the person does not endure the degrading, discriminatory and abusive practices which could otherwise occur. People and all those involved in their care should feel safe, feeling that they are a part of what is going on, receive continuity of care, have purposeful goals which they are supported to progress towards and have a feeling that they do matter.
9. Describe non person centred care.
Non person centred care means that a person with dementia feels excluded, lacks choice, is not allowed to participate in decision making and is not allowed to exercise their rights. Non person centred care also means that the person’s uniqueness and needs are not recognised, dictating form of care is used and empowerment is unsupported. By the time a person with dementia needs care, they've been stripped of a lot of their dignity, are surrounded by strangers, and are very confused by the world around them, which can lead to problem behaviour. One would hope that gone are the days when everyone in a care home got up at the same time, ate their breakfast at the same time, got washed and dressed at the same time, even going to the toilet at the same time. These regimented routines of care homes were devised for the benefits of the staff, not the people being supported. The day revolved around tasks, duties that had to be met, more often than not putting the people’s specific needs at the end of the priority list.
10. Compare person centred and non person centred care.
It’s clear that person centred care looks at a person as a unified whole whereas non person centred care only responds to persons behaviour. This fact has a huge impact on both people with dementia and their carers. Person centred care has positive effects on people with dementia and carers and provides them with huge benefits. As a care worker, you should identify the specific needs of the person with dementia. These...
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