There are many policies and legislation in place that support the human rights and prevent exclusion of individuals with learning disabilities.
The Equalities Act of 2010 combines 116 different legislations to provide a legal framework the purpose of which is to protect the rights of individuals. It simplifies past legislation providing the UK with a law that protects individuals from discrimination and make society equal.
Merged legislations are:
The Equal Pay Act 1970
The Sex discrimination Act 1975
The Race Relations Act 1976
The Disability Discrimination Act 1995
The Employment Equality Act (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003
The Employment Equality Act ( Sexual Orientation) Regulations 2003
The Employment Equality Act ( Age) Regulation 2006
The Equality Act 2006 Part 2
The Equality Act ( Sexual Orientation) Regulation 2007
The Human Rights Act came into effect in the UK in October 2000.
Human rights are fundamentally important in protecting individuals and maintaining a fair and civilized society. Before 2000, cases were dealt with at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France. The basic human rights are all taken from the European Convention on Human Rights which was set up after World War 2 to prevent future atrocities occurring.
Human Rights are :
Right to life
Freedom from torture and degrading treatment
Right to liberty and security
Freedom from slavery and forced labour
Right to a fair trail
No punishment without law
Respect for private and family life, home and correspondence
Freedom of thought, belief and religion
Freedom of expression
Freedom of assembly and association
Right to marry and start a family
Protection from discrimination in respect of these rights and freedoms
Right to peaceful enjoyment of your property
Right to education
Right to participate in free elections
To assist companies responsible for supporting individuals with learning disabilities The Care Standard's Agency