What is unique about the development of the Nile River compared to the development of Mesopotamia Be sure to include notes from the video.
They created an accurate calender with 365 days instead of 360 like the Sumerians. The calendar helped predicted the floods. They also created the Nilometer to measure the floods. The floods helped crops grow, but it had to be just right.
What major event happened that was considered the real beginning of ancient Egypt?
It was when Egypt became a single state.
How did the Egyptian government and religion compare to Mesopotamia? How was it similar and how was it different?
They both had political and religious power. In Mesopotamia the city's ruler, was thought to be related to a god. In Egypt, the pharaohs were thought to be gods or related to gods. In Egypt, the gods had heads like animals and bodies like humans.
How are the pyramids similar and different from the ziggurats of Mesopotamia?
The pyramids are large like ziggurats, but they have smooth sides and don't have steps on the outside. The pyramids are built for the burial of the pharaohs and the ziggurats are in the center of the town. They led to the city's patron god.
How was the economy of Egypt different from the economy of Mesopotamia?
How was the social structure of Egypt different from the social structure of Mesopotamia? Egyptians were optimistic and had a bureaucracy for government. Mesopotamia were not as optimistic and they had more of a fear of the gods. They felt they had to serve them and religion played more of a role in government.
Social structure of Mesopotamia: Rule, Priest, or Priestess, Dependent, Man, Freeman, Slave, Woman, Father, Woman, Slave.
Egypt's social structure went Pharaoh, Government Leaders, Soldiers, Scribes, Merchants, Artisans, Farmers and Slaves.
What were some of the changes and advancements during the Middle Kingdom period? Be sure to include notes from the video.