2013 Norway terrorist attack
The 2011 Norway attacks were two terrorist attacks committed one after another to the Norwegian government, civilian population and a youth run summer camp on the 22 July 2011, claiming the lives of 77 people. All by a lone terrorist, Anders Behring Breivik.
The first was a car bomb explosion in Oslo within the executive government quarter of Norway. The explosion killed eight people and injured at least 209 people, twelve of them seriously. The second attack occurred less than two hours later at a summer camp on the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud.
The second attack occurred less than two hours later at a summer camp on the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud. The camp was organized by the AUF, the youth division of the ruling Norwegian Labour Party. A gunman dressed in a homemade police uniform and showing false identification gained access to the island and subsequently opened fire at the participants, killing 69 of them, and injuring at least 110, 55 of them seriously; the 69th victim died in a hospital two days after the massacre. Among the dead were personal friends of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg and the stepbrother of Norway's crown princess Mette-Marit.
It was the deadliest attack in Norway since World War II, and a survey found that on average, 1 in 4 Norwegians knew "someone affected by the attacks".
The Norwegian Police arrested Anders Behring Breivik, a then 32-year-old Norwegian right-wing extremist, on Utøya Island and charged him with both attacks. The trial against him took place between 16 April and 22 June 2012 in Oslo District Court, but denied criminal guilt and claimed the defence of necessity. On 24 August 2012 Breivik was convicted as charged and sentenced to 21 years of preventive detention in prison, which at the end can be repeatedly extended for 5 years as long as he is considered a threat to society. Approximately one and a half hours after the Oslo explosion, Breivik, dressed in a police