20 Famous Women

Topics: DNA, Nobel Prize, Francis Crick Pages: 3 (681 words) Published: February 27, 2013
Josephine S. Baker- (1873- 1945)
Worked mostly with children and discovered how important holding is to a childs health. She also worked with silver nitrate eye drops and perfected the application process in infants. Baker was the first woman to be assistant surgeon general in the U.S.

Olive Ann Beech- (1920-1986)
She was cofounder of Beech Aircraft and eventually became CEO and turned the company into a multimillion-dollar international aerospace corporation.

Elizabeth Knight Britton- (1858-1934)
She was a botanist who is credited for having the idea for the creation of the New York Botanical Gardens. There are 15 species of plants named after her.

Jane Colden (1724-1766)
She was the first to classify plants by the Linnaean system. She also published the first illustrated flora of New York.

Bessie Coleman (1893-1926)
She took flying lessons in Europe because she was not allowed to in the U.S. She then became the first African American woman to be a licensed pilot. Her life was ended tragically in a flight accident.

Marie Curie (1867-1934)
She is famous for her work with radioactivity. She was awarded the Nobel prize for the isolation of pure radium. She eventually died of leukemia that was thought to be cause from the exposure to radiation.

Ellen Eglui (late 19th century)
She invented the clothes wringer for washing machines. She sold that patent rights for $18.00 because she was afraid it wouldn’t be successful due to her color.

Rosalind Franklin (1920-1957)
She discovered the helix shape of DNA. Most of her work was stolen by Watson and Crick who were awarded the Nobel prize for the discovery of the double helix. She died from cancer at a young age.

Sophia Germain (1776-1831)
She was a mathematician and who taught her self much of what she knew. She was obsessed with learning to the point that her parents were scared for her health. She came up with Sophia Germain prime numbers which proved that the first case of Fermat’s last...
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