19th Century Immigrants

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At the end of the nineteenth century, the population, especially in cities, began to surge. Technology began to advance, helping cities handle the increasing population. (pg. 701) Along with the population, cities grew “as horse-drawn streetcars and commuter railways let people live farther away from their downtown workplaces.” (pg. 701) America greatly prospered, resulting in many immigrants being attracted to it. Many newcomers from Europe arrived in America, causing the number of immigrants to raise “from just under 3 million annually in the 1870s… [to] 9 million annually in the first decade of the twentieth century.” (pg. 704) This new surge of immigrants was not well received by “nativists,’ racists who believed that Anglo-Saxon Americans

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