19th Amendment

Topics: Women's suffrage, Seneca Falls Convention, Women's rights Pages: 3 (871 words) Published: August 25, 2013
This document, which simply states, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on the account of sex. “Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.” Was the final goal of the nearly century long battle between the women rights activists and the rest of the nation to make the right to vote equal for all who live under the colors of this great nation. Ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment granted American women the right to vote, a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens did not share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote. It was not until 1848 that the movement for women's rights launched on a national level. Abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) and Lucretia Mott (1793-1880) organized a convention in Seneca Falls, New York to demand for the right to vote. This action would later become a centerpiece of the women's rights movement. Stanton and Mott, along with Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) and other activists, formed organizations that raised public awareness and lobbied the government to grant voting rights to women as well as bringing moral up for the women in our country. The campaign for woman suffrage did not take full swing till in the decades before the Civil War. During the 1820s and 1830s, various reform groups proliferated across the U.S. groups such as, temperance clubs, religious movements and moral-reform societies, anti-slavery organizations. In a number of these, women played a prominent role. Meanwhile, many American women were beginning to chafe against what historians have called the "Cult of True Womanhood"; that is, the idea that the only "true" woman was a pious, submissive wife and mother concerned exclusively with home and family. Put together, these factors contributed to a new way of thinking about what it meant to be a woman and a citizen in...
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