Topics: Jack the Ripper, Metropolitan Police Service, Whitechapel murders Pages: 16 (5570 words) Published: June 18, 2013

white chapel area
 problems with the police
 press and piblic

Jack the Ripper
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This article is about the serial killer. For other uses, see Jack the Ripper (disambiguation). |Jack the Ripper | |[pic] | |"With the Vigilance Committee in the East End: A Suspicious Character" from | |The Illustrated London News, 13 October 1888 | |Background information | |Birth name |Identity unknown | |Also known as |"The Whitechapel Murderer" | | |"Leather Apron" | |Killings | |Number of victims |5+? | |Country |United Kingdom |

Jack the Ripper is the best-known name given to an unidentified serial killer who was active in the largely impoverished areas in and around the Whitechapel district of London in 1888. The name originated in a letter, written by someone claiming to be the murderer, that was disseminated in the media. The letter is widely believed to have been a hoax, and may have been written by a journalist in a deliberate attempt to heighten interest in the story. Within the crime case files as well as journalistic accounts the killer was known as "The Whitechapel Murderer" as well as "Leather Apron". Attacks ascribed to the Ripper typically involved female prostitutes who lived and worked in the slums of London and whose throats were cut prior to abdominal mutilations. The removal of internal organs from at least three of the victims led to proposals that their killer possessed anatomical or surgical knowledge. Rumours that the murders were connected intensified in September and October 1888, and letters from a writer or writers purporting to be the murderer were received by media outlets and Scotland Yard. The "From Hell" letter, received by George Lusk of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee, included half of a preserved human kidney, supposedly from one of the victims. Mainly because of the extraordinarily brutal character of the murders, and because of media treatment of the events, the public came increasingly to believe in a single serial killer known as "Jack the Ripper". Extensive newspaper coverage bestowed widespread and enduring international notoriety on the Ripper. An investigation into a series of brutal killings in Whitechapel up to 1891 was unable to connect all the killings conclusively to the murders of 1888, but the legend of Jack the Ripper solidified. As the murders were never solved, the legends surrounding them became a combination of genuine historical research, folklore, and pseudohistory. The term "ripperology" was coined to describe the study and analysis of the Ripper cases. There are now over one hundred theories about the Ripper's identity, and the murders have inspired multiple works of fiction. |Contents | | [hide]  | |1 Background | |2 Murders | |2.1 Canonical five | |2.2 Later Whitechapel murders | |2.3 Other alleged victims | |3 Investigation | |3.1 Criminal profiling...

References: Inspector Frederick Abberline, 1888
The surviving police files on the Whitechapel murders allow a detailed view of investigative procedure in the Victorian era.[62] A large team of policemen conducted house-to-house inquiries throughout Whitechapel
"Blind man 's buff": Punch cartoon by John Tenniel (22 September 1888) criticising the police 's alleged incompetence
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