1984 Literary Guide

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1984 Literary Guide

Section One (pages 1-104)
Chapter I

1. What is the effect of the juxtaposition at the beginning of this section?
2. How is paradox involved with the descriptions of the government ministries?
3. How is paradox found in the description of Victory Gin?
4. What is ironic about the statement that “nothing was illegal since there were no longer any laws”?
5. Look at the syntax in Winston’s journal entry for April 4, 1984. What is the effect?
6. Describe how the Junior Anti-Sex League sash is an example of paradox?
7. How does O’Brien’s physical description contain contradiction?
8. Why does Goldstein’s influence never seem to decline? Why doesn’t the government capture him?
9. What are some techniques used on the telescreen to encourage the Party Members’ hatred of Goldstein?
10. What is the source of the power behind the hatred that the viewers feel?
11. Find and explain the allusion in Chapter 1.
12. Winston is sexually frustrated with Julia. How does the syntax reflect this?
13. Why does the Big Brother chant fill Winston with horror?

Chapter II

1. What is the rhetorical effect of the physical description of Mrs. Parsons?
2. What does the statement “We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness” mean?
3. How is it apparent that Winston is desensitized to war?
4. How does Winston’s descent into “thoughcrime” give his life more urgency?

Chapter III

1. Explain the significance of Winston’s dream in the saloon of a ship.
2. Explain the effect of the Shakespeare allusion in this chapter.
3. Why does the Party never acknowledge when it changes from fighting Eurasia to Eastasia?
4. During Winston’s descrption of doublethink, anaphora is used. What is the effect of this?

Chapter IV

1. What is the metaphoric meaning of the memory holes?
2. What is the effect of the oxymoron “armies of reference clerks?”
3. Why are people allowed to leave the Ministry of Love for a year or two before being executed for thoughtcrimes?
4. What is the

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