“The aim of the High is to remain where they are. The aim of the Middle is to change places with the High. The aim of the Low—is to abolish all distinctions and create a society which all men shall be equal” (201).
Living in a world where everything from books to television is controlled by the government, George Orwell’s 1984 transforms the motives of a democratic and equal society into a society of socialism and unjust ways.
The control and use of information and history, technology, and psychological manipulation are all set in place as the main theme of the book 1984. Of course, such matters as history and information would take years to change and would be an ongoing process; nevertheless, in such a society where the government controls just about everything manipulating and maintaining information would be a seamless process. The government states, “Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past” (34). The Party controls every source of information, rewriting the content of history within newspapers, books, television, movies, etc. for the socialist group’s own needs. Not allowing individuals to keeps records of their past, the Party controls the memories of people as they remain unable to remember past events and occurrences. Even a small diary containing one’s personal feelings and opinions would be destroyed or edited as shown when Winston wrote down events, opinions, and feelings about the Party. By controlling the present the Party is able to manipulate the past. And in controlling the past, the Party is able to justify all of its actions in the present. In addition to the control of history and information, the use of advanced technology by the Party plays a big role in the construction of the book 1984. Telescreens (high-tech television projectiles that traced voice and sensed emotion) were used by the Party to exploit members of thoughtcrime and other offenses against the Party. "It was terribly dangerous to...
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