This passage occurs after Winston and Julia talk about the song of the birds. Orwell’s main idea behind this passage is the hope for freedom under a totalitarian government. By using numerous juxtapositions, Orwell shows the difference between freedom and captivity. To Winston, the bird’s freedom is what Winston longs for in life: the ability to be carefree and “spread his wings”. The passage begins with juxtaposition between the birds and the Party when the narrator states, “ The birds sang, the proles sang, the Party did not sing” (Orwell 221). Birds represent freedom, and nobility, such as the Bald Eagle representing the United States of America. The Party represents captivity and isolationism, because they are unaware of what happens outside their city’s border and controlled by an oppressive government.
Orwell also juxtaposes the different cities throughout the passage to show the difference between Winston’s busy, controlled lifestyle and the Prole’s more calm, and carefree lifestyle. Orwell compares the industrialized the busy cities of London and New York, to tropical Brazil and the vast continent of Africa. Orwell also contrasts the villages of the Russian plains to the fast-paced bazaars of China and Japan.
The “same solid unconquerable figure” that Orwell refers to in the passage in the Prole (Orwell 221). According to the Party, Proles not under strict control because they do not possess enough intelligence to rebel against the government. Proles have to simple tasks: to work and to breed. Proles are considered to be free, because the government does not constantly monitor them. Winston longs to be free like the Proles because they do not have to worry about government interference. Orwell uses the terms, “solid” and “unconquerable” to show how the Party cannot control the proles because they have their own personal freedom to do and think what they want. In the novel, Winston is suspicious about the proles, but