1984 is a dystopian, satirical, science fiction novel written by George Orwell in 1948. In the book Orwell explores the predominant themes of power and control and written from a journalist’s perspective, he bases the book on what he saw and lived through during WW2 from a 3rd person aspect. Authority and the abuse of power is when total control of the individuals in a society is in hands of one or a select group of people. In 1984 the party has incredible manipulation over mankind as it restricts what society’s privacy. The 25 cent coin and various objects emphasis the Party’s authority and abuse of power. A flashback, written in his diary red “Even from the coin the eyes pursued you. On coins, on stamps, on the cover of books, on banners on, posters.” On all these items big brothers face was present on and reminded people that they have no privacy and are being watched at all times. This use of personification gives human like features to the 25 cent coin giving it mind of its on and enforces fear on their society. The party used physical pain against anyone who goes against their way of life, and enforced punishment and ‘re-education’ through torture. Winston was subjected to intense treatment as he went against the party and realised that nothing is more powerful than physical pain. Room 101 is used to symbolise society’s greatest fear. The party uses room 101 to gain power and control over its subjects and turns their patients into zombie like characters as they no longer have an individual conscience and this is exemplified when O’Brien quotes “the thing that is in room 101... Is the worst thing in the world.” Other oxymoron’s like “War is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength” and 2+2=5” break down people’s ability to think for themselves thus making it easier for the party to manipulate.
Freedom, bondage and the individual, the need for individual freedom is another deeper theme explored in the novel. Winston represents your...
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