1920s Revolution Brigades

Topics: Iraqi insurgency, Al-Qaeda, Al-Qaeda in Iraq Pages: 7 (2204 words) Published: February 12, 2015
1920s Revolution Brigades
Formed
June 2007
Disbanded
Group is active.
First Attack
June 2007: The group fought AQI north of Baghdad, Iraq. Note that this was the wing's first attack following the split from Hamas in Iraq. Last Attack
December 2009: The group claimed responsibility for bombing a U.S. vehicle in western Baghdad. (Casualties unknown).[1] Updated
April 24, 2012
Narrative Summary
The 1920s Revolution Brigades began as the armed wing of Hamas in Iraq in 2003. The group's name is derived from the 1920 uprising against British colonial occupation of Iraq.[2]Like Hamas in Iraq, the Brigades is a Sunni nationalist group with Islamist ties. 

The 1920s RBs generally avoid sectarian violence and have expressed support for other Islamic resistance groups in order to purge Iraq of American influence. In 2007, when it split from Hamas in Iraq, the group shifted part of its focus to combatting AQI and worked with American forces in this effort. Portions of the group have since joined the Sons of Iraq, also known as Awakening Councils, groups founded by tribal leaders to combat Al Qaeda.[3]

Though the 1920s RB has gotten smaller and less prominent as a result of the U.S.-supported Sunni military squads and the growth of AQI, the group remains "in armed resistance and continues to conduct attacks against U.S. and Iraqi forces."[4]In April 2010, representatives from the Brigades met with more than 200 people from 19 other [Sunni insurgent] groups at a conference in Istanbul "to find common ground" and "to plot a comeback."[5]

The most prominent event related to the group has been its alleged capture of a U.S. marine, Wassef Ali Hassoun, who was believed to be held for three weeks. In June and July 2004, members of the 1920s Revolution Brigades supposedly held captive U.S. Marine Cpl. Wassef Ali Hassoun for three weeks. They threatened to kill him on a video shown on Al Arabiya television. It was later believed the whole incident was a hoax; the marine was charged with desertion. [6] Leadership

There is little information about the leadership of this group. Various individuals have been reported as "leaders" of the 1920s RB when killed, but it is not known how high ranking they were. 1. Hatim al-Zawbai (Unknown to 2005): Reported to be commander of the 1920s Revolution Brigades by the Iraqi Defense Ministry when he was captured in January 2005 (when it was still the armed wing of Hamas in Iraq), though it is unknown how long he had been in command.[7] 2. Aswad Kamil Al-Falahi (Unknown to February 2007): Killed in an AQI suicide attack in Habbaniyah.[8] 3. Ahmed Sabah (Unknown to February 2007): Killed in an AQI suicide attack in Habbaniyah.[9] 4. Harith al-Dari (Unknown to March 2007): Killed by a car bomb in Iraq.[10] 5. Sheik Ahmed al-Tamer (Unknown to September 2007): Killed in a suicide bomb in Diyala province.[11] 6. Naim al-Dulaimi (Unknown to July 2008): A local, high ranking leader of the Brigades. He was killed by a female suicide bomber outside Baquba July 2008.[12] 7. Unknown (2005 to 2006): The next leader's identity remains unknown, but he was captured in September 2006.[13] Ideology & Goals

Nationalist
Sunni
The 1920s Revolution Brigades is a nationalist, Sunni organization whose main goal is to free Iraq from foreign occupation, particularly American military and political occupation. It also strives to install a state guided by Islamist principles in Iraq. The group has released a statement asking Islamic countries to assist in installing this state in Iraq.[14] They have also openly denounced AQI and taken stands against AQI.[15] Size Estimates

2007: Several thousand (Washington Post)[16]
External Influences
There appears to be little outside influence on the group, although the group was formerly a wing of Hamas Iraq. Targets & Tactics
The 1920s RB focuses its attacks on American forces and other foreign influences in Iraq. The group does not target Muslims and avoids the...

References: 1. ^ "Iraqi Insurgent Group Claims Attack on US Military Vehicle," Al Jazeera via BBC Monitoring Middle East, December 22, 2009, LexisNexis Academic.
2. ^ Milne, Seumas, "Out of the Shadows," The Guardian, July 19, 2007, p. 4, LexisNexis Academic.
3. ^ Londoño, Ernesto, "Sunni Allies of US Fear Fate Under Shia," The Irish Times, October 2, 2008, p. 14, LexisNexis Academic.
4. ^ "Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq," Department of Defense, Report to Congress in accordance with the Department of Defense Supplemental Appropriations Act 2008 (Section 9204, Public Law 110-252), October 30, 2009, pp. 22-3.
5. ^ Londoño, Ernesto, "Meetings Outside Iraq Cause Concern Amid Baghdad Political Crisis," The Washington Post, June 1, 2010, p. A5, LexisNexis Academic.
6. ^ Sink, Mindy, "Marine Who Was Missing in Iraq Is Charged With Deserting Post," New York Times, 10 December 10, 2004, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/10/international/middleeast/10marine.html.
7. ^ "National Guard arrests 217, militia commander in Al-Mahmudiyah," GlobalSecurity.org, January 2, 2005, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/iraq/2005/01/imm-050103-unami.htm.
8. ^ Roggio, Bill, "The Amiriya Battle," The Long War Journal, March 2, 2007, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/03/the_amiriya_battle.php.
9. ^ Roggio, Bill, "The Amiriya Battle," The Long War Journal, March 2, 2007, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/03/the_amiriya_battle.php.
10. ^ "Truck blasts kill 50 in Iraq town," BBC News, 27 March 2007, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6500617.stm.
11. ^ Tawfeeq, Mohammed, "24 die in Iraq peace meeting blast," CNN, September 25, 2007, retrieved on July 29, 2010 from http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/09/25/iraq.main/index.html.
12. ^ Sterling, Joe, et al., "100 female U.S. service members have died in Iraq," CNN, 24 July 2008, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/meast/07/24/iraq.main/.
13. ^ Roggio, Bill, "Commander of 1920 Revolution Brigades Captured," The Long War Journal, September 24, 2006, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2006/09/commander_of_1920_re.php.
14. ^ "Iraqi National Islamic Resistance." GlobalSecurity.org, April 27, 2005, retrieved on April 24, 2010 from http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/iraqi_natl_islamic_resist.htm.
15. ^ Roggio, Bill, "Al Douri forms nationalist Sunni coalition; 1920s Revolution Brigades denounces al Qaeda," The Long War Journal, October 2007, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/10/al_douri_forms_natio.php.
16. ^ Tyson, Ann Scott, "Sunni Fighters Find Strategic Benefits in Tentative Alliance With U.S.," The Washington Post, 9 August 2007, retrieved on April 24, 2010 from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/08/AR2007080802549.html.
18. ^ Beehner, Lionel. "Al-Qaeda in Iraq: Resurging or Splintering?" Council on Foreign Relations, July 16, 2007, retrieved on July 22, 2010 from http://www.cfr.org/publication/13007/alqaeda_in_iraq.html
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20. ^ "1920 brigades claims credit for downing US drone in Kirkuk," Al-Jazeera TV, August 16, 2008, LexisNexis Academic.
21. ^ "1920 Brigades attack on US vehicle in Iraq," Al-Jazeera TV, June 21, 2009, LexisNexis Academic.
22. ^ "Iraqi Insurgent Group Claims Attack on US Military Vehicle," Al Jazeera via BBC Monitoring Middle East, December 22, 2009, LexisNexis Academic.
23. ^ "Hamas-Iraq official details to Jordanian Islamic paper its programme" Al-Sabil (Jordan) via BBC Monitoring Middle East, April 12, 2007, LexisNexis Academic.
24. ^ "Clans against al-Qa 'ida," Mideast Mirror, April 27, 2007, LexisNexis Academic.
25. ^ Beehner, Lionel. "Al-Qaeda in Iraq: Resurging or Splintering?" Council on Foreign Relations, July 16, 2007, retrieved on July 22, 2010 from http://www.cfr.org/publication/13007/alqaeda_in_iraq.html.
26. ^ "Iraq: Al-Qaeda Tactics Lead To Splits Among Insurgents," Radio Free Europe, April 17, 2007, LexisNexis Academic.
27. ^ Ridolfo, Kathleen, "Iraq: Al-Qaeda Tactics Lead to Splits Among Insurgents," RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty, April 17, 2007, retrieved on October 15, 2010 from http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/iraq/2007/04/iraq-070417-rferl01.htm.
28. ^ Roggio, Bill, "The Amiriya Battle," The Long War Journal, March 2, 2007, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/03/the_amiriya_battle.php.
29. ^ Roggio, Bill, "Al Douri forms nationalist Sunni coalition; 1920s Revolution Brigades denounces al Qaeda," The Long War Journal, October 2007, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/10/al_douri_forms_natio.php.
30. ^ Roggio, Bill, "1920s Revolution Brigades turns on al Qaeda in Diyala," The Long War Journal, June 12, 2007, retrieved on  July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/06/1920s_revolution_bri.php.
31. ^ Fishman, Brian, "Dysfunction and Decline: Lessons Learned from Inside al Qa 'ida in Iraq," Combatting Terrorism Center, March 16, 2009, p. 19.
32. ^ Janabi, Ahmed, "Iraq 's armed groups form alliance," Al Jazeera, October 1, 2007, retrieved on April 24, 2010 from http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2007/10/20085251837562291.html.
33. ^ Londoño, Ernesto, "Meetings Outside Iraq Cause Concern Amid Baghdad Political Crisis," The Washington Post, June 1, 2010, p. A5, LexisNexis.
34. ^ Roggio, Bill, "1920s Revolution Brigades turns on al Qaeda in Diyala," The Long War Journal, June 12, 2007, retrieved on  July 12, 2010 from http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/06/1920s_revolution_bri.php.
35. ^ Fishman, Brian, "Dysfunction and Decline: Lessons Learned from Inside al Qa 'ida in Iraq," Combatting Terrorism Center, March 16, 2009, p. 12.
36. ^ Sink, Mindy, "Marine Who Was Missing in Iraq Is Charged With Deserting Post," New York Times, 10 December 10, 2004, retrieved on July 12, 2010 from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/12/10/international/middleeast/10marine.html.
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