1861-1864 georgia studies

Topics: American Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant, Confederate States of America Pages: 3 (396 words) Published: September 19, 2014
1861-Civil War Started
The both troops were ready. On April 10, 1861, as Major Anderson waited for additional men and supplies, the new Confederate Government directed Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard to demand the surrender of Fort Sumter. Anderson refused. His soldier and laborers prepared to fight with the Confederate forces opened fire. Thirty-six hours later, a white flag waved and Major Anderson formally surrendered on April 13, also, left for New York.

1863-Battle of Chickamauga
In 1863, Union forces moved against the major railroad center in Chattanooga, Tennessee, just across the Georgia line. On September 19-20, Union General Rosecrans led his troops against confederate General Braxton Bragg seven miles south of Chattanooga at Chickamauga Creek. Bragg’s army defeated Union forces and forced the Union army back into Tennessee. But Bragg did not follow up on the Union retreat. By November 1863, General Ulysses Grant had arrived with more troops and recaptured Chattanooga, forcing Bragg to retreat south to Dalton.

1864-Battle of Atlanta
The battle was going on before July 22, 1864, but the main battle of Atlanta was on July 22, 1864. Continuing their summer campaign to seize the important rail and supply center of Atlanta, Union forces overwhelmed and defeated Confederate forces defending the city. On September 1, Hood left the city after the evacuated Atlanta. The next day, the Union army moved into Atlanta and took over its railroad and factories. The soldiers stayed until November 15 when, about three o’clock in the afternoon, they set fire to the city. On November 16, Sherman’s army left Atlanta in flames.

1864-Sherman’s March to the Sea
Sherman’s army moved quickly through the state heading from Atlanta to Savannah, burning everything in the path sixty miles wide on the three hundred miles trek to the coast. On his way to Atlanta to Savannah, Sherman destroys all military targets and the civilian economic system...
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