Art of the 14th and 15th centuries
Works of Art from 14th -15th Century a brief summary
Works of Art from the 14th-15th centuries
You likely noticed that during the two hundred years covered in this week’s study there were radical changes in how the human figure is depicted in Italy, from something that was highly stylized to an idealized form that looked more real yet was strongly influenced by the Classical Age of ancient Greece and Rome. In the Northern Europe, however, depiction of the human form remained rooted in the Middle Ages and remained somewhat stylized. We will be talking about three pieces of works of art from 14th century Early Renaissance to 15th century Renaissance in Italy.
Stroganoff Madonna & Child
14th century Renaissance
Duccio d. Buoninsegna
A brief summary of the painting:
• Date of painting: 1300
• Genre: Religious history painting
• Artist: Duccio d. Buoninegna
• Location: Siena, Italy
• Parapet: Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Architecture) a low wall or railing along the edge of a balcony, roof, etc. • Byzantine: relating to, or having the characteristics of a style of architecture developed in the Byzantine Empire especially in the fifth and sixth centuries featuring the dome carried on pendentives over a square and incrustation with marble veneering and with colored mosaics on grounds of gold. (Merriam-webster, 2013, para. 2)
The Madonna with Child painted by Duccio di. Buoninsegna was considered one of the greatest paintings ever painted, and very rare. The painting depicts the Virgin Mary with the child being the baby Jesus. It is considered a work of art and historical because it was an “important landmark in the transition from Medieval to the Renaissance period due to the changes that were being made in Italy using a more naturalistic style. This painting exemplifies the progressive but traditional style of Siena during the Proto-Renaissance period.”(Visual-arts, 2013, Para. 1) Another factor making this painting so important was it was one of the earliest versions of illusionist device of three-dimensional work. The parapet painted in the background gives it more depth creating that illusion. At first glance at the painting I see that the baby Jesus is depicted with an older face, almost as if this baby was born wiser. The Virgin Mary is more natural than some of the paintings of the weighty more
The Ghent Altarpiece
Northern 15th century Renaissance
A brief summary of the art:
• Date of painting: 1425-1432
• Genre: Religious history piece
• Artist: Started by Hurburt Van Eyck, but Jan Van Eyck his older brother finished • Location: Cathedral of St. Bravo, Ghent, Belgium
The Ghent Altarpiece is one of the single most influential painting in history “due to the old idealism of Gothic and Byzantine gave way to a new approach not just too Flemish artists but artists around Europe.” (Visual arts, 2013, Para.9) This new approach was meant a more “realistic rendering of both people and nature based on observation and study.” (Visual arts, 2013, Para.9) This tells me this one piece helped influence changes toward a more modern western way of painting and lifelike people and surroundings. Another fact about this painting that I found interesting and made it the most important works of history as well as the most stolen piece of artwork. It had significant meaning in Christianity and was a tribute to the church and the religious beliefs. Historically this painting has been “Since its completion in 1432, this twelve-panel oil painting has disappeared, been looted in three different wars, burned, dismembered, copied, forged, smuggled, illegally sold, painted over, censored, attacked by iconoclasts, hidden away, hunted by Nazis and Napoleon, prized by The Louvre and a Prussian king, damaged by conservators, returned as war...
References: Charney, N. (2008, November 2010) Van eyck the ghent altarpiece. The secret history of art. Retrieved from http://secrethistoryofart.blogspot.kr/2010/11/van-eycks-ghent-altarpiece.html.
Artble. (2013). Birth of Venus. Artble. Retrieved from http://www.artble.com/artists/sandro_botticelli/paintings/birth_of_venus.
Beford, S. (2013). Famous artwork: ghent altarpiece. Masterpiece cards. Retrieved from http://www.themasterpiececards.com/famous-paintings-reviewed/bid/29313/Famous-Artwork-Ghent-Altarpiece.
Marilyn Stokstad, Michael Cothren. Art History, Volume 2, 4th Edition., 2010. South University. Web. 08 May 2013 .
McKay, B. & K. (16, July 2010). The basics of art. The renaissance. Art of manliness.com Retrieved from http://www.artofmanliness.com/2010/07/16/man-knowledge-the-basics-of-art-the-renaissance/.
Visual-arts-cork. (2013). Ghent Altarpiece (1452). Encyclopedia of art education. Retrieved from http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/famous-paintings/ghent-altarpiece.htm#features.
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