1424

Topics: Sindh, Pollution, Writing Pages: 7 (1830 words) Published: April 17, 2014
ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
(Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics)

WARNING
1. PLAGIARISM OR HIRING OF GHOST WRITER(S) FOR SOLVING THE ASSIGNMENT(S) WILL DEBAR THE STUDENT FROM AWARD OF DEGREE/CERTIFICATE, IF FOUND AT ANY STAGE. 2. SUBMITTING ASSIGNMENTS BORROWED OR STOLEN FROM OTHER(S) AS ONE’S OWN WILL BE PENALIZED AS DEFINED IN “AIOU PLAGIARISM POLICY”.

Course: Compulsory English-II Academic Reading & Writing
Course Code: 1424Semester: Autumn, 2013
Level: BA/BSTotal Marks: 100
Pass Marks: 40

ASSIGNMENT No. 1
(Units 1–4)

The following questions are based on Unit 1. Read the unit carefully and answer the questions / solve the exercises given below.

Q.1Read pages 5- 7. You have studied about ‘Different Types of Essays’ Read these pages carefully and then write brief answers of the following:

i.What is a Descriptive Essay? (5)
ii.What is a Compare and Contrast Essay?(5)
iii.What is a Cause and Effect Essay?(5)

Q.2Read the following three short texts and identify which one is a descriptive, compare/contrast and cause/effect text.(3)

i.
Chlorofluoro carbon gases are released by some factories into the air. These gases cause the ozone layer to become thinner and finally disappear. The unfiltered ultraviolet rays of the sun cause overheating in the poles of the earth, where the icebergs start to melt. The huge amount of water released from the poles leads to a rise in the sea-level. The sea will cover the land and the scientists believe that will be the end of the world.

ii.
The 966th annual Urs of Syed Ali bin Usman Hajveri (RA) commonly known as Data Ganj Baksh commenced on Wednesday after zohr prayers following a 'chaddar’ laying ceremony performed by Punjab Chief Minister. The Chief Minister also inaugurated the milk sabeel which will serve the devotees for the next two days. The Urs started with Qirats from Holy Quran and Mehfil-e-Naat by renowned Qaris and Naat reciters followed by a grand Mehfil-e-Sama at the Darbar Complex Sama Hall. Thousands of devotees paid homage to Hazrat Data Ganj Baksh by offering chaddars and showering flower petals at the mazar in the form of processions led by drums beaters. The Mela Ram Park was humming with festivities where mystics sang and danced to the tune of flutes and recited mystic poetry. The Urs was rounded off by special prayers led by Khatib Jamia Mosque Darbar for the solidarity of Pakistan and progress of the nation.

iii.
We live in a world where the variety of food is immense, and we are responsible for what we eat. In Pakistan, in the recent years, a lot of people who live in the urban areas or cities are now more inclined towards eating frozen food or ready to cook food rather than fresh food. The most notable difference between these two kinds of foods is their flavour. Fresh foods have great flavour and taste because they have all the nutrients our bodies need whereas frozen foods lack flavour and lose some of the original fresh food nutrients when stored because there are some chemical products or preservatives added to the natural foods to prolong the shelf life. Yet another difference between these two types of foods is the cost, as frozen foods are much more expensive than fresh foods.

Q.3Write a ‘Descriptive’ paragraph (not more than 100 words) about a cultural event of Pakistan.(7)

The following questions are based on unit 2. Read the unit carefully and answer the questions/ solve the exercises given below.

Q.4Read the text “Chronology of the Mughal Kings’ on pages 51-52. Do exercise 6 given on page 53 in which you have to write a ‘sequence or chronological paragraph’ on the Mughal Kings using appropriate sequence markers as given in the exercise.(10)

Q.5You have read a long text ‘A Day in the Life of a Nurse’ on pages 56-57. Go to page 58, exercise 9 and choose any 1 topic and write a paragraph describing a typical day in the life of a...
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