13th Amendment

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The convention at Philadelphia drew up one of the most influential documents in history, the constitution of the United States. Among some of the controversial issues regarding the delegates was that of slavery. Slaves made up about one fifth of the population in the American Colonies. Majority of them lived Southern Colonies where 40 percent was consisted of the population. Delegates from states with large populations of slaves argues that slaves should be considered person in determining delegates from states where slavery had disappeared or almost disappeared argued that slaves should be included in taxation, but not in determining representation. Slavery in the US was abolished by the thirteen amendments. The Supreme Court's decision in the Civil Rights Cases (1883) suggested that section 2 gave Congress the authority to outlaw “badges and incidents” of slavery as well as the institution itself. Thus it is not surprising that for much of the twentieth century civil rights litigation focused almost entirely on section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, which was adopted in 1868. In response to those issues Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, this amendment declared slavery illegal, was ratified by the necessary number of states, although not by any Southern states.
Life for African Americans was very hard; African Americans were still slaves that had no rights. One political issue they faced was they were not allowed to mingle with any other races. The majority of America's history African Americans has lived in the South. No other portion in the United States has experienced such a mixture of African and European, master and slave. However prior to 1863 all the south wanted was the prevention of intermingling between the different races, cultures and classes. Following the war, the most considerable issue for a handful of Northern leaders was the status of freed slaves. Many Americans would think that slavery ended back in 1865 with the

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