Cambridge International Examinations
Cambridge International Advanced Subsidiary Level
For Examination from 2015
SPECIMEN MARK SCHEME
MAXIMUM MARK: 40
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© UCLES 2012
Generic levels of response
Level 4: Makes a developed comparison
Makes a developed comparison between the two sources, recognising points of similarity and difference. Uses knowledge to evaluate the sources and shows good contextual awareness. Level 3: Compares views and identifies similarities and differences [8–11]
Compares the views expressed in the sources, identifying differences and similarities. Begins to explain and evaluate the views using the sources and knowledge. Level 2: Compares views and identifies similarities and/or differences [4–7]
Identifies relevant similarities or differences between views/sources and the response may be onesided with only one aspect explained. Alternatively, both similarities and differences may be mentioned but both aspects lack development.
Level 1: Describes content of each source
Describes or paraphrases the content of the two sources. Very simple comparisons may be made (e.g. one is from a letter and the other is from a speech) but these are not developed. Level 0: No relevant comment on the sources or the issue.
Level 5 Evaluates the sources to reach a sustained judgement [21–25]
Answers are well-focused, demonstrating a clear understanding of the sources and the question. Reaches a sustained judgement about the extent to which the sources support the statement and weighs the evidence in order to do this.
Level 4: Evaluates the sources
Demonstrates a clear understanding of the sources and the question. Begins to evaluate the material in context, considering the nature, origin and purpose of the sources in relation to the statement. At the top of this level candidates may begin to reach a judgement but this is not sustained. Level 3: Uses the sources to support and challenge the statement [11–15]
Makes valid points from the sources to both challenge and support the statement in the question. These comments may be derived from source content or may be about the provenance/nature of the sources.
Level 2: Uses the sources to support or challenge the statement [6–10]
Makes valid points from the sources to either support the statement in the question or to challenge it. These comments may be derived from source content or may be about the provenance/nature of the sources.
Level 1: Does not make valid use of the sources
Describes the content of the sources with little attempt to link the material to the question. Alternatively, candidates may write an essay about the question without reference to the sources. Level 0: No relevant comment on the sources or the issue.
© UCLES 2012
Section A: European Option
Liberalism and Nationalism in Italy and Germany, 1848–1871 Support for the Unification of Italy
(a) To what extent do Sources C and D agree about the extent of support for the unification in Italy?
Sources C and D present sharp contrasts in their accounts of attitudes in Italy towards unification. Source C welcomes the new unity wholeheartedly. Victor Emmanuel I associates unity with liberalism. The Pope (who might be identified by candidates as Pius IX) is completely opposed. His grounds are narrow: unification in a secular state is a challenge to Papal authority in Italy. Candidates should be given credit when they explain the context. The kingdom meant the success of a monarchy over a republic. However, unification was also a triumph for Piedmont-Sardinia. After this brief period of liberalism, Pius IX reverted to a very conservative stance. Source C also claims that Italians should be proud of the support that the new kingdom has from most of Europe....
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