11th and 12th section review

Good Essays
1. What was America’s first major industry? In what region of the nation did it center? Lowell, Massachusetts(Northeast). Textiles became America’s first major industry.
2. Name three of this era’s important inventors and their respective inventions. John Deere perfected the plow. Cyrus McCormick, in 1834, received a patent for a reaping machine, a horse-drawn device that allowed one man to cut and stack ten to twelve acres of grain in a single day. Samuel Colt made his mark on the firearms industry. He patented and manufactured a “six-shooter,” a pistol with a revolving cylinder which allowed a user to fire six times before reloading.
3. Why was the discovery of anthracite coal in western Pennsylvania important?
American farm production grew at a tremendous rate. In 1789, farmers had generally eked out only enough to feed their own families. But by 1861, the United States was producing nearly $2 billion worth of agricultural products each year.
4. How did the invention of the cotton gin increase the differences between the South and the rest of the nation?
The growth of the cotton kingdom, however, widened the gap between the South on the one hand and the North and the West on the other. Cotton growing, for one thing, revitalized slavery. In 1790, slavery had seemed an increasingly unprofitable and dying institution. With the advent of the cotton gin, however, many planters thought that slavery was necessary again.
1. Name two methods of surfacing roads in the nineteenth century.
Corduroy roads and toll roads
2. What event marked the beginning of the canal era?
The canal era began in 1817, when New York, at the urging of Governor DeWitt Clinton, began building a canal from Albany to Lake Erie.
3. What was America’s most important method of transportation by 1861?
The clipper ship

4. What was the first economically successful railroad in America? Who designed its first steam engine?
Baltimore & Ohio (B & O) Railroad and Peter Cooper
5. What

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    DBQ slavery

    • 693 Words
    • 2 Pages

    During the American Revolution, the British granted slaves freedom if they were to fight for the cause on their side rather than on the American side which was considered treasonous. Lord Dunmore’s proclamation offered freedom to those who would rebel from their masters and its purpose was to disable rebellion.(Doc A) Because of this proclamation, some slaves decided to leave the farms and help fight for the British to get their freedom. After the American Revolution, The North slowly started to rid itself of slavery while the South implemented slavery into their daily lives.The need for slavery in the South was mainly due to the production of cotton. With the invention of the Cotton Gin in 1793 by Eli Whitney cotton became a cash crop for the Southern society. The cotton gin automated the seed separation process while before that slaves had to do the work by hand. The cotton gin made it easier to produce cotton therefore many more farmers invested in cotton and bought more slaves to produce and pick cotton to sell. By the end of 1830, the amount of slavery in the North decreased 0-10% while areas in the South had 50% or more (Doc C).…

    • 693 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Slavery was closely linked to the Industrial Revolution. According to class lecture, cotton plantation production boomed in the south and slave labor was needed to harvest the cotton and tend the cotton gins. The northern industries also benefited from slavery since they were supplied with cotton harvested by slaves. A primary source is the picture of a huge cotton gin shown in class that demonstrates how technological innovation contributed to the south’s success in becoming the world’s largest producer and provider of cotton. The new economies were intertwined as southern cotton feed northern textile mills. Although the northern states were against slavery, they contributed in the slave economy in the south. However, not all blacks were involved…

    • 189 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    After the American Revolution, The North slowly started to rid itself of slavery while the South implemented slavery into their daily lives. Slaves existed right from the start of American history and during the American Revolution. The British used the African American slaves to their advantage by granting them freedom in return. In Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation of 1775, he stated that slaves who fought with the British would gain freedom and those who do not help the British were considered traitors (Doc A). Though this did assist with the increase the amount of freed slaves in America, it did not get rid of it in the least. The need for slavery in the South was mainly due to the production of cotton. Slaves were needed to grow and pick the cotton every day along with other crops such as tobacco and rice. On April 1793, the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. This invention allowed for the automated separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber. Before, slaves had to do the work by hand. Though one may think the cotton gin would decrease the amount of slaves, it actually increased. In the North, slaves were not needed because they did not have enormous plantations like the ones in the South. It mainly consisted of small businesses and industry. By the end of 1830, the amount of slavery in the North decreased 0-10% while areas in the South had 50% or more (Doc C). The North was based on capitalism and industrializing at a slow but steady pace. Entrepreneurs profited during this time and the North was also based on a free labor system. It was better to pay workers in factories less rather than…

    • 758 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    This invention changed the way the South functioned, and the ripple effect it created changed the course of history forever. The ripple effect caused by Eli Whitney's cotton gin can be seen as the driving force behind many of the conflicts between North and South, and eventually culminating in the Civil War. Before Eli Whitney's invention, slavery was dying in the South. The price of tobacco had plummeted, and planters were freeing slaves because of the high cost of feeding, housing and clothing them. When Eli Whitney introduced his invention the cotton market exploded. Cotton began to be grown in enormous quantities because it was good for making clothes, and with the invention of the cotton gin easier to produce. This explosion in the growth of the cotton market rejuvenated the slave trade. This time, though, the slave trade was not…

    • 1800 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Many Rivers To Cross

    • 432 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The reasons for the expansion of cotton and slavery in the antebellum south were the invention of the cotton gin that was invented by Eli Whitney. The textile benefited everyone, tobacco was losing its value, textile industries in Great Britain, and to make clothing materials you needed cotton. The impact of the domestic slave trade caused shattered families within African Americans, triggered separation in black slave families. Nat Tuner’s rebellion was important because it was a turning point. It was one of the biggest rebellions to take place in the U.S. The free black nation maintained their freedom by being called by the government do hunt…

    • 432 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Time Line 2

    • 1050 Words
    • 5 Pages

    | Slavery was necessary to southern colonists after the introduction of the cotton gin. The cotton gin was a way to make cotton worth a lot but the machine required a lot of manual labor which brought along the plantation system. Prior to the cotton gin slave trade was done most by the New England colonies, this was called “Triangle Trade (Wikipedia, n.d.).”…

    • 1050 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Agriculture DBQ

    • 333 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Technological advances boomed starting in the 1860’s, totally improving the ways of American agriculture. Railroads were growing in size, and allowed for transportation of crops to become exponentially more efficient. A map showed the amount of railroads in 1870 compared to 1890; they tripled in size. (Doc B) Cyrus Mccormick was an inventor and farmer during this era. It was his idea to build the first combine. This basically created a quicker harvesting process of crops. Mccormick wasn’t the only one innovating in this time. 1n 1868, James Oliver invented the steel plow. This was yet another tool, which increased the speed at which one could gather crops. Corbis Bettmann took a photo of a wheat harvest in 1880. A plow similar to Oliver’s was being dragged behind several horses in order to collect as much wheat as possible quickly. (Doc D) However, it wasn’t just crops that were being shipped out faster. Cattle and all livestock were being grown and slaughtered at greater rates. In 1884, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, published an article describing slaughtering capacity at a local Chicago establishment. It stated that it had “... a slaughtering capacity of 400,000 head annually.” (Doc F) They were raising livestock faster than ever before.…

    • 333 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Many of the inventions during the Industrial Revolution paved the way for modern industrial societies today. Probably the most significant invention of all was the steam engine, which arose from the search for a cheap, convenient source of power. One of the first uses for steam engines was for boats. American inventor Robert Fulton built the very first successful steamboat in 1807, which ferried passengers up and down New York’s Hudson River. Trains were also a spinoff from the steam engine that greatly revolutionized ways of traveling. Railroads also spurred industrial growth by giving manufacturers a cheap way to transport materials, which created thousands of jobs for railroad workers and miners and boosted England’s agricultural and fishing industries. British roads improved, too, during the early 1800s. Scottish inventor John McAdams equipped road beds with a layer of large stones for drainage and on top he placed carefully smoothed layers of crushed rock so that even in rainy weather wagons could travel on the road without sinking in the mud. Other major inventions during this time period were the production of cloth in factories, dynamite by Alfred Noble, vaccines for diseases, the lightbulb, and the telephone by Alexander Graham…

    • 796 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Manifest Destiny

    • 1364 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Slavery, considered somewhat unethical in the North, flourished in the South, mainly due to the fact that the entire economy of the southern states depended largely on slave labor in the cotton and sugar fields. As the soil of the Old South was used numerous times causing it to lose many of its nutrients, plantation owners and farmers moved on to the New South, the land stretching from present day Georgia to Texas, an area much larger and more suited to process cotton than the Chesapeake colonies. As more and more people migrated to the region in hope of becoming a successful farmer and becoming rich, the area became highly dense with slaves and wore out the soil very quickly. The invention of the cotton gin made it easier to harvest cotton, causing slave owners to buy more slaves and plant more plants, eventually causing them to need more land. This caused the southerners to pursue territorial expansion westward. The answer to many of these problems was the annexation of Texas,…

    • 1364 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Cotton for the most part was the only thing the South had to keep the relevant. It was extremely profitable for both the states and the ranch owners. That is until they continued to overplant cotton and eventually took most of the nutrients and soil needed to grow the cotton. Advancements such as Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin and others such as the sewing machines and power looms caused an increase in demand from the cotton from the Northern states. Throughout this time period the plantation owners were able to buy land at extremely low sums of money. In order to keep the plantations running smoothly, they needed to purchase slaves. Slavery was the perfect answer for the plantation owners, because it provided a strong labor source that could not quiet or demand more money, but they also insured that the labor source would continue for generations. The increasing demand for slaves, as well as the ban of purchasing slaves from Africa, cause the price of slaves to sky rocket. Making it more profitable for smaller farmers to sell their sales to the West or farther South. Slavery was a huge part of the economy for the south, and the Antebellum period only increased the need for slaves, with advancements in technology and transportation.…

    • 914 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Market Revolution

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Steamboats were also an important innovation of the 1800’s. Robert Fulton’s invented the steam powered Clermont. This innovation provided a faster trip from New York to Albany. Robert Livingston funded resources for the production of some steamboats. The engines built in England, where industrialization was beginning to take place, and shipped to the United States to be assembled. By the 1830’s about 700 steamboats were in operation and water travel had been…

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Another major economic factor contributing to the growth of slavery in the US was the high demand of cotton. In 1793 the invention of the cotton gin, which separated the cotton seeds from the fiber, made it possible for plantation owners to produce more cotton products faster but the harvesting of the cotton could not keep up, more and more slaves were used to harvest the cotton just to keep up with the gin capacity. Once again not having…

    • 1299 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    In this time period there were various internal improvements that benefitted the economy. Sir Henry Clay came up with what he named the “ American system”. He gained support from the people to make to internal improvements and develop the economy. Some of these improvements were railroads and canals. Great success came from Clay’s ideas. One of the biggest improvements was the Erie Canal. This created a system of canals that crossed and came all the way from the Hudson River in New York City to Lake Erie. Improvements were seen almost overnight. As a result of the Erie Canal farmers on the west side could ship their crops at a much lower price and expansion of boat transportation expanded. Similarly to Erie Canal the production of coal as a new power source led to many new developments and improvements in the economy. Pittsburgh and Pennsylvania were the major states for coal mining. When coal began to be exploited as a source of energy, mills began to be located away from canals that provided water as the power source. This allowed the industry to grow without having to be near…

    • 542 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    1860 Dbq Analysis

    • 629 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In 1860, the United States was primarily a land that contained small towns and farms. At the time, Americans had discovered that living on farms were more beneficial than factories, since the amount of land was immense, affordable, and labor was high-priced due to its insufficiency. However, in a matter of forty years, the nation had made an evolution and became the greatest industrial country in the world. Ever since the rapid increase production of raw materials, farm laborers had departed to work in factories and our population immensely developed from six million to over thirty million. Between the years from 1860 through 1900, many factors supported to promote the growth of America’s industry.…

    • 629 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Dbq Industrialization

    • 546 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Britain started its industrialization period in the eighteenth century, while America was just starting to start theirs during the antebellum period. From 1814-1865 manufacturing grew in many ways. “Population grew by a factor of 4, outputs of manufacturing grew by a factor of 12, and the value of manufactured goods grew by a factor of 8.” These growth factors mainly occurred in the New England area. Agriculture was the main sector until people learned about how manufacturing worked. The use of interchangeable parts was a huge contribution to the advancement of industrialization.…

    • 546 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays