top-rated free essay

100 Years of Indian Cinema - Short Essay 2

By poojaagrawal03 Feb 27, 2013 552 Words
Indian cinema has an identity that is very unique and unmatched. We have moved from the black and white silent films to 3D, but our cinema continues to retain its basic essence - to thrill. Even as internet downloads and television continue to cannibalize the theatrical revenues of Indian films, the lure of the 35 mm is something else altogether. It was Phalke who introduced India to world cinema at a time when working in films was taboo. After the success of his film 'Raja Harishchandra', several filmmakers in Bombay and Madras began making silent films. By the mid 1920s, Madras had become the epicentre for all film related activities. Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu, SS Vasan, AV Meiyappan set up production houses in Madras to shoot Telugu and Tamil films. The silent era came to an end when Ardeshir Irani produced his first talkie, 'Alam Ara' in 1931. If Phalke was the father of Indian cinema, Irani was the father of the talkie. The talkies changed the face of Indian cinema. Apart from looks, the actors not only needed a commanding voice but also singing skills, as music became a defining element in Indian cinema. The year also marked the beginning of the Talkie era in South Indian films. The first talkie films in Bengali (Jumai Shasthi), Telugu (Bhakta Prahlad) and Tamil (Kalidass) were released in the same year. The forties was a tumultuous decade; the first half was ravaged by war and the second saw drastic political changes all over the world. In the middle of the Second World War in 1945 came 'Kismet' starring Ashok Kumar which became one of the biggest hits in the history of Indian cinema. It had some bold themes - the first anti-hero and an unmarried pregnancy. It clearly showed that the filmmakers of the era were bolder than the times in which they were living in. A close relationship between epic consciousness and the art of cinema was established. It was against this backdrop that filmmakers like V.Shantaram, Bimal Roy, Raj Kapoor and Mehboob Khan made their films. In the meantime, the film industry had made rapid strides in the South, where Tamil, Telugu and Kannada films were taking South India by storm. By the late 1940s, films were being made in various Indian languages with religion being the dominant theme. 1940s to late 1950s was also the golden era of music. Shankar Jaikishan, O.P. Nayyar, Madan Mohan, C. Ramchandra, Salil Chaudhury, Naushad, S.D. Burman - all had their distinctive style. Each vied with the other to produce some of the most unforgettable melodies India has ever known. 50s and 60s were considered as the Golden Age of Indian cinema. Filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Guru Dutt, Bimal Roy, Mehboob Khan, K Asif, Raj Kapoor, KV Reddy, L V Prasad and Ramu Kariat made waves in their respective film industries and they went on to make classics like Pather Panchali, Madhumati, Do Bheega Zameen, Shree 420, Awaara, Pyasa, Mother India, Mughal E Azam, Mayabazar and Chemmeen among many other films. In the south, N.T. Rama Rao, M. G. Ramachandran, Sivaji Ganesan, Rajkumar, Prem Nazir dominated the film industry for more than three decades before making way for the next generation of actors like Rajinikanth, Kamal Haasan, Mammootty, Mohanlal, Chiranjeevi and Balakrishna.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • 100 Years of Indian Cinema

    ...An Essay on 100 YEARS OF INDIAN CINEMA A hundred years ago Dada Saheb Phalke made a movie about a king who never lied. Phalke’s inspiration came from an English film ‘The Life and Passion of Christ’ and he too wanted to translate the lives of Indian Gods to the screen. His first production ‘Raja Harishchandra’ was screened at Corona...

    Read More
  • 100 Years of Indian Cinema - 1

    ...100 YEARS OF INDIAN CINEMA Indian Cinema has now completed 100 years on April 21, 2012, a country where over 1,000 films are made every year, in several languages. During these long years Indian cinema has broken many new grounds and established several milestones. The Times of India, India's major newspaper then, hailed it as "the marvel of th...

    Read More
  • 100 Years of Indian Cinema summary

    ...It's been a hundred years, and yet the fascination for movies has not faded for a nation of one billion Indians. When Dadasaheb Phalke, the father of Indian Cinema, released his epochal feature film Raja Harishchandra on 3rd May 1913, it is unlikely that either the exhibitors or the pioneer film maker realized they were unleashing a mass entert...

    Read More
  • 100 Years of Indian Cinema

    ...00 Years O ndian Cine 100 Years Of D. G. Phalke Films PIFF 2013 Raja Harischandra 1913-DVD-15-Silent-India Direction: D.G. Phalke Cast: D.D.Dabke, Salunke, Babaraya Phalke Screenplay: D.G. Phalke Cinematography: D.G. Phalke Production: Phalke Films The narrative is drawn from the Indian epic Mahabharata where the King sacrifices h...

    Read More
  • 100 Years of India Cinema

    ...100 Years of Indian Cinema We are here celebrating 100 years of Indian Cinema and below information has been collected to share with you all from Wikipedia. Indian Cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across India since the early 20th century. It consists of films produced across India, which includes the cinematic culture of Andhra Prades...

    Read More
  • essay 2 year 2

    ... During this essay the writer will evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help to understand a client’s presenting issue. Further on, the writer will describe Freud’s psychosexual theory and relationship with connection to adult neurotic behaviour. Lastly, the writer of this essay will look at the cr...

    Read More
  • HTM 100 assignment 2

    ... Overview of the Hospitality and Tourism Industry Name Professor Class Date The hospitality and tourism industry has been growing and developing very fast over the years. This assignment will discuss the challenges that are involved in managing restaurant operations that are spe...

    Read More
  • short essay 2

    ...be able to understand there "options" Tom and Jane, need to know the biblical teaching of marriage, of divorce, and remarriage. Marriage is "the state of being united to a person of the opposite sex as husband or wife in a consensual and contractual relationship recognized by law"(Merriam-Webster.com). In Genesis 2:24 and Mark 10:7-8, it descr...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.