Unit 10 Assignment 2: The Endocrine System: Diseases and Age-Related Changes
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
Human chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone that can be detected in the urine or blood of both males and females. It is more often seen in pregnant women but can also be found in cancerous tumors of the uterus and testicles. HCG aides in establishing pregnancy and has also been used here lately in some forms of weight loss programs although not always approved. Cushing’s Disease
Cushing syndrome occurs in the body when there is a high exposure to the hormone cortisol over an excessive period of time. It occurs when your body produces too much of this hormone but also usage of the oral medication corticosteroid can be the culprit. Although symptoms of this disease may vary, some that are commonly seen are progressive obesity and changes of the skin such as purple/pink striae or skin that’s easily bruised and acne. Also some symptoms vary depending on the sex. Treatment options for Cushing’s include reduced use of corticosteroid medication given that is the cause, surgery and/or radiation therapy, and often times more medication to control cortisol production if none of the mentioned treatments worked.
Addison’s disease is the production of insufficient amounts of different hormones produced by the adrenal glands often resulting in the production of small amounts of cortisol and insufficient levels of aldosterone. This is normally caused by damaged adrenal glands/cortex or diseased pituitary gland. Some symptoms include muscle weakness and fatigue, hyperpigmentation, low blood pressure/sugar, and weight loss. Treatments for this disease involve oral as well as injected corticosteroids, and sometimes androgen replacement therapy in some women.
Acromegaly is a hormonal disorder in which your pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone causing your bones to increase in size and it usually affects middle-aged...
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