The Children Act (1989), was introduce to facilitate the welfare of children, as well as ensuring that the welfare of the child is paramount. The act allocated responsibility to parents, local authorities and those who work with children to ensure the almost safety of a child.
• The core objectives are to protect children and establish a balance between parents and state intervention, for example parents can challenge state intervention in specific cases.
• Encourage partnership between statutory authorities and parents; this is when statutory authorities such as local GPs share information regarding the child’s wellbeing with other authorities such as the RSPCC or social services. To make sure everything is in place to protect the child.
The Every Child Matters Guidelines was a direct consequence of the laming report on the death of Victoria Climbie, the magnitude of that case prompt The Children Act 2004, the guidelines are legal requirements and they specified that:
• Agencies such as health professionals, schools and welfare service should have a much closer working relationship to ensure the wellbeing of a child.
• A central database containing records of all children known to different services.
• An independent children commissioner for England was put in place to protect young people and children’s rights.
• Ofsted were responsible for setting out a framework which will monitor children services.
The United Nations Convention on The Rights of The Child (1989) (UNCR) is an international human right treaty, which sets out the rights of all children to be treated equally. Implemented in the treaty, there is a list of rights to which every child under the age of 18 is entitled to. These include Human Rights, Civil, Culture, economic, social and political.
Children are entitled:
• To the