1.1 Describe the common types of fractures

Topics: Bone fracture, Bone fractures, Orthopedic surgery Pages: 4 (1751 words) Published: July 9, 2015
Unit 2
1.1 Describe the common types of fractures
1.2 Describe how to manage a fracture
1.3 Describe how to manage a dislocation

Common types of fractures
Managing a fracture
Open Fracture :

An open fracture is a fracture where the broken bone is exposed. That is dangerous because of increased chances of infection. Many first aid manuals go into great detail about exactly what should be done with each individual kind of fracture that might occur. This is useful information to have. But with fast communication and modern ambulances, it is not usually as essential as it once was. Today, when you are with someone who has suddenly broken a bone (or may have), there are just a few simple first aid rules you should keep in mind. First Aid For Fractures: Rule #1

First, keep the person quiet and the injured area immobile. If possible, have someone stay with the victim while someone else goes for help. Don't try to pull or tug on a broken arm or leg to "put it back into place." You will only cuase worse pain and risk doing additional injury to the tissue around the fracture. There is a real danger, after a bone is broken, of jiggling the sharp broken bone ends so that they cut blood vessels, nerves, or muscles that were not originally injured at all. Also, such bone ends may puncture the skin, creating a wound which can then become infected. First Aid For Fractures: Rule #2

Second, find some way to immobilize or prevent motion of the fractured area while the victim is being moved to safety. One good way to do this is to wrap the injured limb in a large, firm pillow folded lengthwise and ties in two or tree places. If you don't have a pillow, use a couple of down jackets or bulky sweaters for splinting material. If the injury involves an arm or hand, wrap it in layers of bulky clothing and then pin it, splint and all, to the victim's shirt front - or with another sweater hold it close to the chest to keep it from moving. A broken finger can be splinted by...
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