Welcome to Ghana
The ancient African civilization we call Ghana happened in West Africa between the Niger and the Senegal Rivers. The rivers were vital to Ghana because their economy was based on trade, and before the modern age, rivers were the firmest way to bring goods. Ghana became wealthy by collecting taxes from traders who passed through the kingdom. The people called their nation Wagadu; we know it as Ghana since that was the name of their war chief. The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire, the Empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire by the title of its emperor, the Ghana. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. The modernization of Ghanaian economic, social, and political life intensified with independence in 1957. Important to this change were improvements in communications and infrastructure, urbanization, the growth of the export and cash-crop economy, and the expansion of Western education. To accelerate the pace of modernization, the Education Act of 1960 made formal instruction both free and compulsory, but attitudes toward change varied from group to group. For example, in certain areas, especially in the north, compulsory education was not welcomed because it took children away from homes that depended on their labor in the fields. Although the benefits of education are understood today, the percentage of female enrollment in secondary and tertiary institutions of higher learning has remained disproportionately low in relation to the number of women in the general population. Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, 2,093 km of land borders with the three French-speaking nations of [Burkina Faso] (548 km) to the north, [Côte d'Ivoire](668 km) to the west, and [Togo] (877 km) to the east. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. With a total area of 238,533 square kilometers, Ghana is...
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