Who were the Federalists? Federalists were people who believed the constitution was perfect as it was. They also pushed to get it nratified immediately. Federalists were also in support of a strong centralized government. "A pure democracy can admit no cure for the mischiefs of faction. A common passion or interest will be felt by a majority, and there is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party. Hence it is, that democracies have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have, in general, been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths." During this time on conflict, two plans were brought into the picture to resolve the issue. The Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. Federalists from large states were in favor of the Virginia Plan, because it would give power to the larger states. “We may define a republic to be, or at least may bestow that name on, a government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by persons holding their offices during pleasure for a limited period, or during good behavior.” Who were the Anti-Federalists?
Just because they were known as the "Anti-Federalists" doesn't exactly characterize them. They weren't completely against federalism they just wanted the states to have more power. Some Anti-Federalists focused on the "Bill of Rights" and others just despised the Constitution altogether. “As long as we can preserve our unalienable rights, we are in safety.“ Anti- Federalists were more likely to favor the New Jersey Plan versus the Federalists most likely siding with the Virginia Plan. This is in result of the New Jersey Plan giving more power to the states just as Anti-Federalists favored. “The objects of jurisdiction… are so numerous, and the shades of distinction between civil causes are oftentimes so slight, it is more than probable that the state judicatories would be wholly superseded.