01.02 Monotheistic Religions: Objectives
Common Roots, Roots of Conflict
Have you ever disagreed with a family member about something important? Have you ever seen your neighbors or members of your community argue over an issue? What about students in your school, sports team, or club? Have you noticed how certain groups or cliques sometimes have a hard time getting along? Family, neighbors, community members, school students—these people all have something in common. They may share kinship or a home or community or school. They may speak the same language, enjoy similar music, and play the same sports. However, that doesn't mean that they always agree with one another. Each person and group has ideas, beliefs, and other traits that make them different. Sometimes, these differences lead to problems and create conflicts. View the slideshow on this screen. Each photograph shows a circumstance that has resulted from disagreements among groups of people in the world today. Although groups of people who disagree may live in the same place and have similar cultures, there are also important differences between them. Some of those differences began with religion. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are the world's three major monotheistic religions, and all three faiths have common roots. They each began in Southwest Asia, where cities holy to each religion still exist. Over the course of history, however, differences and competition among their followers have led to conflict. Are the three major monotheistic religions more similar or more different? Who are the major figures associated with the world's three monotheistic religions? What are the major belief systems associated with the world's three monotheistic religions? What are the holy books associated with each of the three major monotheistic religions? These are the Essential Questions to keep in mind as you read this lesson and learn about Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Once you complete the lesson you will use what you learned to conduct an “interview” with three historical figures, one from each of the three monotheistic faiths discussed in this lesson. Pay attention to the differences and similarities in these faiths as you read this lesson, and take careful notes in your Travel Journal. This will help you complete the assessment that follows. To get started, review During Reading Strategies. These strategies will help you understand and remember the material. Select your Travel Journal to hear the question and take notes on essential ideas in the lesson. What do you already know, or think you know, about Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Objectives 01.02 Monotheistic Religions
After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
discuss the major figures associated with the three monotheistic religions identify the major belief systems associated with the world's three monotheistic religions compare the major beliefs and principles of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Images of two cans with the words Religious and Intellectual. Under each heading are the sub-topics associated with these themes. These topics will be the focus of this lesson. Holy City, Holy World
The modern city of Jerusalem is home to holy sites that are sacred to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The city contains many houses of worship including Jewish synagogues, Christian churches, and Muslim mosques. It is also the source of ongoing tension among religious and ethnic groups. Watch this video segment to understand how this city and the surrounding land reflect the shared and separate identities of the three religions. Byzantine Empire Combines Cultures [02:05]
Israel: A Spiritual Crossroads for Jews, Muslims, and Christians [02:28] Israel, the new state of Palestine, and the city of Jerusalem sit on ancient lands considered holy to all three of the major monotheistic religions. The Holy Land, as the area around Israel and Palestine is known, is a relatively small geographical space. Despite...
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