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Topics: Bone, Skeletal system, Cellular differentiation Pages: 6 (1167 words) Published: February 5, 2015
01.07 DBA and Exam
Module Study Guide

Lesson 01.01 Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology

What are the two major fields of study for anatomy?
List four specialties within physiology.
How would an anatomist and a physiologist study the skin differently? How would they study the small intestine differently?

Lesson 01.02 Understanding Anatomy & Physiology

Word Meanings
Appendicular -
Axial -

Homeostasis and Metabolism
Maintaining ___________ is so important to the body that it uses up most of the body's ___________ energy.

Metabolism -

Apply what you’ve learned (this is NOT directly in the lesson): Give some examples of how your body maintains homeostasis. I’ve done the first one for you. 1. My body uses hormones to regulate how much glucose is in my blood. 2.

3.

Body Positions
Anatomical Position -
Supine Position -
Prone Position -

Body Planes and Sections
Sagittal Plane -
Transverse Plane -
Frontal Plane -

Relative Direction
Anterior -
Posterior -
Superior -
Inferior -
Medial -
Lateral -
Bilateral -
Distal - away from the center of the body
Proximal - nearer to the center of the body

Lesson 01.03 Tissues

Levels of Body Organization
Atom -
Molecule -
Macromolecule -
Cell -
Tissue -

Types of Tissues
Fill-in the empty boxes:

Tissue Type
Function(s)
Location(s)
Characteristic(s)
Example(s)
Epithelial
protection
secretion
absorption
excretion

Muscle
movement

Connective

distributed throughout the whole body—including in the dermis skin layer
blood
bone
cartilage
tendons
ligaments
fat
organ framework
Nervous

brain
spinal cord
nerves

Apply what you’ve learned (this is NOT directly in the lesson): Many body tissues are related. Give some examples of tissue types working together in your body. I’ve done the first one for you. 1. Connective tissues (such as tendons) help my muscle tissues work so that I can move. 2.

3.

Engineering Tissues
Use the full article found on lesson PAGE 6 to answer these questions.

It was essential for doctors to make an exact ___________of Beyene’s windpipe before attempting to create a new one so that the stem cells would create his new organ in the correct size and ___________. Getting the right scaffold is essential.

What are some logistical challenges that need to be overcome before “growing organs” can become an everyday medical reality?

NOTE: Despite what the article may lead you to believe, stem cells from bone marrow are somewhat limited. In the article, stem cells were taken from Beyene's bone marrow and used to create his new windpipe. However, it’s important to know that adult stem cells are generally less versatile than embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells (which are taken from a fertilized egg) can develop into almost every type of cell in the human body! Whereas adult stem cells may only develop into a limited number of cell types. Embryonic stem cell use is highly controversial because once the stem cells are harvested, the embryo is destroyed.

Apply what you’ve learned (this is NOT directly in the lesson): Biotechnology is a relatively new area of science. List some potential questions/concerns people have about it. You may include practical and moral/ethical questions. I’ve done the first one for you. 1. I wonder how long these engineered organs will last once transplanted (might there be complications with the engineered organ down the road?). 2.

3.

Lesson 01.04 Skin – The Largest Organ

The Skin
The skin, also called the ___________is considered an organ because it consists of all four tissue types. It also contains accessory organs, such as ___________, hair, and nails.

Fill in the information below as you view the video on PAGE 2. (You may want to use the text version of the video to help.)

1. The skin and its accessory organs make up the ___________system. 2. The skin is made up of three distinct layers, the...
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