“The Cask of Amontillado” Expository Essay
Today, many great authors use irony as a literacy tool to make readers think a certain way or to emphasize a point in the story. Three types of irony include: dramatic irony, verbal irony, and situational irony. In the short story “The Cask of Amontillado,” Edgar Allen Poe uses numerous types of irony with various examples.
Dramatic irony is shown when the reader or a character knows something that another character does not. When Fortunato is suffering from a cold and gets bothered from the nitre on the catacombs walls, he tells Montresor (narrator): “ ... the cough's a mere nothing; it will not kill me. I shall not die of a cough." As Montresor replies: “True---true,” the reader can see a devilish gleam in Montresor’s eyes because he already knows about the death of Fortunato.
Verbal irony is when one thing is said but it means something else. While they both travel into the catacombs, Fortunato questions Montresor if he is a mason. Fortunato thinks Montresor is a member of the secret society, yet Montresor means that he is a craftsman since he wants to bury Fortunato with stone and mortar. A while later, Montresor seems to be worried about Fortunato’s cough as they go deeper into the catacombs. “We will go back, your health is precious.” He said. He does not have any intention to turn back and is not worried about Fortunato health because he tries to use reverse psychology to bring him closer to the trap. When Montresor brings out some wine to toast “Fortunato’s long life.”, instead of toasting Fortunato’s long life, he meant to toast his inescapable death.
Last but not least, situational irony is when something is different and opposite from what actually happens. Fortunato means fortune and luck in Italian, however, he is very unfortunate in every way. Even though he is dressed as a joyful jester, his cheerful festive outfit contradicts with the unlucky fate waiting for him. Also, the word “cask” is...
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