SOCIOLOGICAL and ANTHROPOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION
“Motivations of the people from rural areas to migrate in the cities” [Jimo B. Angeles]
I. Topic: “Motivations of the people from rural areas to migrate in the cities” II. Insights, Ideas about the topic
The nature of man is to find their own happiness by seeking pleasure and keeping themselves free from any kind of pain. People are living in a society. We, Filipinos have our own unique values system through the ideologist, moral codes, ethical practices, and etiquette, cultural and personal values promoted by our society. This society is apparent from its culture. The Socio-cultural aspects are one of the main influenced of developing personal traits and behavior of an individual. It can be the basis of every decisions and actions made upon through its life experiences. It also dictates philosophical views that affect our characteristic values. In our culture and society, the social values of people are more often concerns of their self-esteem that usually cares of what others will think, say or do, of becoming optimism about the future, of gaining respect to self and others, and having a religious belief of following the teachings of GOD. This gives strong influences on social behavior among Filipinos. Filipinos uphold the solidarity and security of the family unit and their economic. It is important for us that we keep our family stay together, secured and better life. This inspired each member to keep motivated. Most people in our society perceived that we can obtain a better life through education, business, and social status symbol living in urban rather than staying in rural. We always intend to see things much better in larger society wherein life here has much bigger opportunity in achieving dreams. It also dictates their mind that in capital, life is much easier. City is a place where more people can satisfy their needs and leisure. It concentrates and facilitates interaction between people and business. Transportation, malls, restaurant, parks, education, trades, medical facilities and many services are found in this active place. City became the major center of livelihood. It also produces all the basic comforts of life that every person was wanting of it. Thus, Cities provide a lot of employment opportunities. In this manner development and individual progress is faster than in rural area. Migrating to cities becomes much more significant to people that lives in rural region. Family, life status, desires, and all comforts of life that will satisfy their needs keep them motivated. III. Concrete Examples / True Stories
Civilization changes and many developments existed in modernization. Early man satisfies themselves through their basic needs such as shelter, clothes and food in simple way. They hunt and find foods in forest. Caves became their shelter and clothes are always available from animal hide. Through technology man have all the basic comfort of life. Then man became civilized and starts living in city. Cities became the business center and attractions and provide quality educations, and medical assistance. Simple living of human from primitive society has been changed to modernization and industrialization. It is constant that humans are always associated to their needs, from basic to complex. Nowadays, we don’t just buy foods easily instead we look for best that will appetite us. Traditional clothes are also indigenous. Thus, we intend to wear clothes adapted from different countries. Native houses transformed into concrete structure. In modern society it is important for the masses that they can avail the product of advance technology. For instance, CELLPHONE is important for communication. But in our time we just don’t buy an ordinary cell phone instead we get those much upgraded or we called the latest model and yet affordable. Another one is EDUCATION where most top universities are the priority of choices. Hence most of it is only be found in the capital. Another story is based on the article of Noli A. Ermitanio of Philippine Daily Inquirer “BADJAO BEGGARS ON HER MIND“, a rising number of Badjao tribesmen are flocking to the cities to beg for alms especially during Christmas. “It’s as if they have lost all hope, “It’s as if they have lost all hope,” said Salud, herself a Badjao who hails from Campo Islam, Zamboanga City. “Our people have no sense of direction.” “Nanay Nursing” is a facilitator of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) for its various programs for the migrant Badjao. Over the past few weeks, for example, she has been visiting “transient areas” where members of the scattered ethnic group can be found in large numbers. According to the DSWD’s National Capital Region office, about 80 percent of the mendicant Badjao find refuge in Moonwalk, Bulaong and San Dionisio in Paranaque City; Maharlika and Marantao in Taguig City; and Barangay (village) 704 in Ermita, Manila. They fan out during the day to go begging as far as Monumento in Caloocan City in the north and Pasay City in the south.
‘Sea gypsies’ avoiding conflict
Salud and five other facilitators wear many hats—as monitors, counselors, educators, coordinators—to link up with local governments, civic groups and nongovernment organizations that could offer short- or long-term assistance to the estimated 225 Badjao families identified by DSWD-NCR this year. Described as “sea gypsies” in their home provinces of Zamboanga, Jolo, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, the Badjao people have been leaving their ancestral land in waves over the past decade to look for better opportunities and to avoid the armed conflict, according to DSWD-NCR coordinator Rosecindy Larrobis. These “victims of circumstance,” she said, arrive in urban areas with little or no working skills, hence they mostly end up begging in the streets. Their numbers swell toward the Christmas season, as early as October, then taper off after the holidays as they trickle back to the provinces. Salud noted that, in the past, the majority of Badjao migrants would rather take jobs as vendors, street sweepers or domestic helpers than go panhandling. “I myself sold vegetables and accepted laundry jobs. But begging? I haven’t done that.”
Before joining the DSWD, Salud worked for the nongovernment organization Sun for All Children Inc. Her income helped support her son’s studies. Today, under a DSWD program dubbed Liberating Indigenous People from Indignity (Lipi), she tries to spread hope and encouragement among her people. “I keep telling them: ‘Go find real work.’” She said she is most concerned about the Badjao children, telling their parents to enroll them in school. Cash-for-work
Through Lipi, a number of Badjao migrants have found work in Metro Manila as street sweepers, laborers and park attendants. “Our cash-for-work programs hire the Badjao to help maintain the cleanliness in the barangays where they stay, something which is appreciated by the other residents,” Larrobis said. At least 130 Badjao men and women benefited from the cash-for-work program in the NCR in 2011. Dozens more attended livelihood seminars on soap-making and pillow-making, for example. Lipi’s education program also helped improve their personal hygiene. In a tie-up between the DSWD and Teatro Filipino Integrated, some Badjao women also found themselves “sharing their culture and telling the story of their lives” through dance and were invited to perform in schools and other government events, Larrobis added. Ammisia Adjarani, thanked Salud and the DSWD on behalf of her fellow Lipi benefeciaries: “Thanks to them, our condition has been recognized and addressed. With their help, I learned new skills that could keep me off the streets and make me proud again as a Badjao.” Another beneficiary, Alkiya Tamsilami, added: “We deeply appreciate their assistance especially in sending our children to school.” Indeed, that’s precisely Nanay Nursing’s mission: “I want them to have something to be proud of. Together we can do this. It’s all for us Badjao.”
[ http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/328893/badjao-beggars-on-her-mind#ixzz3A6cXj8hI ]
IV. Conclusions / Recommendations
Modern society triggers us to explore modernization which includes the idea of “money”. In such way people from rural opened their mind that migrating to city can give them a lot of benefits that made them settle in the city to seek opportunity that might let them afford their state of living. Traditional cultures of people’s living die because of this modernization. Their simple ways are forgotten. For instance, in my sample story, excerpt from the article of Noli A. Ermitanio of Philippine Daily Inquirer “BADJAO BEGGARS ON HER MIND“. Many of their natives migrated in Metro Manila to find luck and change their state of living. But what these tribesmen don’t see and realized and also my concern is that they lost their identity of who they really are and forgotten the culture they should be. This indigenous group is one of the biggest contributors to our history and culture. Sometimes there is thinking that always comes up in my mind, what if we live in society without technology like social media, gadgets, television and other product of modernization. Life could be much simpler, free of stress and free of worries. Even people from rural would not think to leave their life in their natural origin. But this is not what happened in reality. I therefore conclude that Cultural strategy in development must be change. Thus, we have to promote and evaluate a person’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development for us to see and learn the reality beyond modernization. We have agriculture, fisheries, and much better soil than other places. It has much bigger remarks on opportunities we wanted to have. The only thing we needed to do is to appreciate what we have and be knowledgeable upon what is given and designed for us. We don’t have to switch the real opportunity of having best life we could have than to live the life away from our true happiness.