“Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy”.

Topics: Anxiety, Fight-or-flight response, Relaxation technique Pages: 21 (4848 words) Published: May 25, 2014


Title: “Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy”.

Module Five: Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills

Date: 27th April 2013

2000 words

INTRODUCTION
This essay will briefly research evidence on the four conditions and demonstrate the impact that stress has on our everyday lives whilst showing how it is linked to the other conditions of anxiety, phobias and habits. It will then explore how hypnotherapy can be an effective treatment for anxiety, taking into account current ethical issues involved in treatment.

MAIN BODY
Title: “Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy”.

DEFINITIONS
According to Wikipedia (2013), “stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition or a stimulus. Stress is a body's way to react to a challenge. The body's way to respond to stress is by the sympathetic nervous system which results in the Fight-or-Flight response. Stress typically describes a negative condition or a positive condition that can have an impact on an organism's mental and physical well-being”. Research has shown that being too tense and/or living with too much stress has a significant negative impact on our lives.  While certain types of stress can be good for you, such as the stress caused by a romantic encounter, stress that begins to debilitate or produce depression is completely undesirable (Hadley and Staudacher 1996). It can lead to physical illnesses such as high blood pressure, ulcers, fatigue, and headaches and many psychological issues, including inappropriate or misdirected emotions, confusion, difficulty concentrating, and burn-out (see appendix 1).  According to a document by Chrysalis, fear is at the bottom of our feelings of stress. Our subconscious is responsible for our survival, and it does this through the fight and flight mechanism in us in situations where we feel threatened, or think that we feel threatened (Chrysalis 1-5 pp2). The subconscious creates these feelings by employing a complex network of arousing and inhibiting neurotransmitters in our brains that either excite or calm us. Hormones are released which cause a number of changes in the body to prepare us to either fight what were being threatened with of or flight. The heart starts to beat faster and pumps oxygenated blood around the body faster to all muscles that will be used to effect the necessary actions. Blood is diverted from less vital organs, and the respiratory rate increases to get more oxygen circulating in the body. Stress and the way we respond to it can also relate to our past, Hadley and Staudacher (1996), discuss the situation whereby we have inherited a proclivity for stress from our parents, for example if your mother may have always exhibited stress doing the school run, you got the message that taking children to school is likely to cause stress. People can experience stress because of their type of personality, fears, pain, repression of their feelings, and even diet and premenstrual syndrome are well known causes (Hadley and Staudacher 1996 pp84-87). Chrysalis (2010) looks at stress and anxiety together and identifies them as our bodies’ natural reaction to fear and change. Change is a scary thing for our subconscious, because it is full of uncertainties which the subconscious does not cope with well. Change can surround us with feelings of possible success and failure, both of which produce consequential feelings of anxiety. Again inheriting a proclivity for stress from our parent’s means that we do not cope with stress very well and will see the world as a scary place, a vicious circle (Chrysalis 2010 1-5 pp3). On the other hand Anxiety is essentially a learned and anticipatory response ......it refers to the anticipation of...

Bibliography: Chrysalis (2010)Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills – Module one.From Past to Present.An Introduction to Basic Techniques.Psychotherapeutic Counselling – Year One – Module One.1-1 07/2010 SC.
Chrysalis (2010) Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills – Module Two.Hypnosis and Mental Health.Further Techniques – Counselling Skills 1.Psychotherapeutic Counselling – Year One – Module Two. 1-2 07/2010 SC.
Chrysalis (2010)Hypnotherapy and Counselling Skills – Module Three.The Role of the Subconscious.Psychotherapeutic Counselling – Year One – Module Three.1-3 07/2010 SC.
Hadley. J and Staudacher.C (1996).HYPNOSIS for CHANGE.3rdedition. New Harbinger Publications.
Karle.W.A and Boys.J.H (2010).HYPNOTHERAPY.A Practical Handbook.2ndedition.FREE ASSOCIATION BOOKS.
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