“Assess the view that AFRICAN AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS made LITTLE or NO PROGRESS between 1865 and 1915”

Topics: African American, Southern United States, Ku Klux Klan Pages: 4 (1517 words) Published: March 3, 2014
“Assess the view that AFRICAN AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS made LITTLE or NO PROGRESS between 1865 and 1915” Civil rights are rights owed to an entity by virtue of citizenship in a democracy. Such rights include the right to vote, equality of opportunity, protection of the law and the right to fair treatment by the judiciary. Despite the civil rights granted to black people, ‘de facto’ was frailer. A tide of racist opinion had swept through the south and had begun to have an impact on the lives of African Americans further north. Ideas of white supremacy even led to reduced civil rights during the period and for many blacks, poverty was still rife. However, this was not the case for all African Americans and, by the end of the period, societies had been established to challenge the status quo. Ratified by three quarters of the states in 1865, Lincoln passed the 13th amendment through congress, constitutionally banning slavery; it had already been abolished in all but two states (Kentucky and Delaware). The amendment signalled a change in policy for the government and sent out the message that slavery would not be accepted any longer. The 14th and 15th amendments briskly followed in 1868 and 1870 respectively; passed to consolidate the abolition of slavery. These amendments bestowed citizenship on any one who was born in the United States and the right to vote for African American males regardless of their previous servitude. Despite the promise of the 15th amendment, blacks were disallowed from voting by most southern states and polling stations that used ambiguity in the amendment to prevent them from voting. African Americans were disadvantaged through ‘de jure’ segregation, which made it very difficult for them to get a foothold in politics, and literacy trials (required for voting) posed a challenge to many blacks who were not educated. These technically non-racial requirements hampered any additional progress blacks could have made during this period, and by 1910...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • African Americans from 1865 Essay
  • African-American Civil Rights Movement Essay
  • Essay on African Americans
  • Essay on African American and Their Rights
  • Essay about Assess the Importance of Congress in the Advancement of African American Civil Rights During the Period 1865-1941?
  • Essay on To What Extent Did The Aims Of The Campaigners For African American Civil Rights Remain The Same Between 1865 and The 1970s?
  • African Americans: Civil Rights and Equality Essay
  • Racism: African American and Civil Rights Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free