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Topics: Scientific method, Grammatical person, Mind Pages: 15 (4332 words) Published: February 26, 2014
Social mindfulness: Skill and will to navigate the social world. Authors:
Van Doesum, Niels J., Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, n.j.van.doesum@vu.nl  Van Lange, Dion A. W., Vossius Gymnasium, Amsterdam, Netherlands Van Lange, Paul A. M., Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, p.a.m.van.lange@vu.nl  Address:

Van Doesum, Niels J., Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, Netherlands,n.j.van.doesum@vu.nl  Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 105(1), Jul, 2013. pp. 86-103 Publisher:
US: American Psychological Association
ISSN:
0022-3514 (Print)
1939-1315 (Electronic)
Language:
English
Keywords:
empathy, perspective taking, prosocial, social mindfulness, social value orientation, skill, will, decision-making, choice Abstract:
Although one may not always see it, social life often involves choices that make people act in ways that are mindful of others or not. We adopt an interdependence theoretical approach to the novel concept of social mindfulness, which we conceptualize in terms of other-regarding choices involving both skill (to see it, e.g., theory of mind, perspective taking) and will (to do it, e.g., empathic concern, prosocial orientation) to act mindfully toward another person’s control over outcomes. We operationalized social mindfulness in a new social decision-making paradigm that focuses on leaving or limiting choice options for others that we tested across 7 studies. Studies 1a through 1c showed that people with other-oriented mindsets left interdependent others more choice than people with self-oriented and/or unspecified mindsets. Studies 2a and 2b revealed that people developed more favorable judgments of a socially mindful than of a socially unmindful person. Study 3 revealed that unknown others with trustworthy (vs. untrustworthy) faces were met with more social mindfulness. Study 4 revealed that social mindfulness could be traced in personality by being positively related to Honesty-Humility and Agreeableness (HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised) as well as to Empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index) and a prosocial value orientation (SVO). Together, these studies contribute to explaining how social mindfulness can help people to navigate the social world by aiming to maximize other people’s control over their situational outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract) Subjects:

*Ability; *Prosocial Behavior; *Self Control; *Social Values; *Mindfulness; Choice Behavior; Decision Making; Empathy Classification:
Social Perception & Cognition (3040)
Population:
Human (10)
Male (30)
Female (40)
Location:
Netherlands
Age Group:
Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300)
Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) (320)
Thirties (30-39 yrs) (340)
Middle Age (40-64 yrs) (360)
Tests & Measures:
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test(Revised Version)
HEXACO Personality Inventory–Revised- Dutch Version
Need to Belong Measure
Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale
Interpersonal Reactivity Index DOI: 10.1037/t01093-000
Grant Sponsorship:
Sponsor: Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research; Netherlands Grant: 022.003.040
Recipients: Van Lange, Paul A. M.
Methodology:
Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
Format Covered:
Electronic
Publication Type:
Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
Document Type:
Journal Article
Publication History:
First Posted Date: May 6, 2013; Accepted Date: Mar 5, 2013; Revised Date: Mar 5, 2013; First Submitted Date: Jan 24, 2013 Release Date:
20130506
Correction Date:
20130701
Copyright:
American Psychological Association. 2013.
Digital Object Identifier:
10.1037/a0032540
PMID:
23647176
PsycARTICLES Identifier:
psp-105-1-86
Accession Number:
2013-15119-001
Number of Citations in Source:
88...

Citations: Socially Mindful
Social mindfulness is minding the needs and interests of others in a way that honors the idea that most people like to choose for themselves (i.e., have a certain need for autonomy; Deci & Ryan, 2012)
Skill and Will
Perspective taking is a well-researched phenomenon (e.g., Batson, Early, & Salvarani, 1997; Ruby & Decety, 2004)
General Method: The SoMi Paradigm
Inspired in part by past research on the pen-choice paradigm originally devised by Kim and Markus (1999) and extended by Yamagishi et al
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