Topics: Woman, India, Gender role Pages: 10 (3722 words) Published: June 7, 2014
Women in India have attained greatness through the ages – in political, academic and spiritual spheres. They enjoyed freedom and equal participation in public life in ancient India. In the Rig Veda, women are placed at the highest pedestal – ‘Yatr nariyastu poojayante ramante tatr devah’ or where women are worshipped, Gods preside there. The Taittriya Upanishad teaches us ‘Matridevo bhava’ or ‘Let your mother be God to you’. 

Swami Vivekananda rightly said, “All nations have attained greatness by paying proper respect to women. That country and that nation which does not respect women has never become great”. 

The principle of gender equality is also enshrined in the Indian Constitution. Not only does the Constitution grant equality to women, but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women. Empowerment of women must be regarded as not only an element of our efforts towards gender equality but also a critical step for stimulating their full participation in nation building. 

 There is a common perception that money in the hands of women is put to different use than money in the hands of men. Consistent with this view, it is often observed that a relative increase in female income within the household leads to greater expenditures on children's nutrition and education. 

these results are often obtained in environments where women do not work regularly over their lifetimes and where their incomes are a small fraction of the household budget.  Conclusion
Economic globalization will give many women in developing countries access to steady and relatively remunerative employment for the first time. The question that we ask in this paper is whether these new opportunities will increase mobility in future generations by changing the choices that parents make for their children. This paper exploits a unique setting — a group of tea plantations in South India where women have been employed in permanent wage labor for multiple generations — to anticipate the impact of globalization on mobility in the future.

 The success of the women in asserting their preferences comes at the cost of greater marital violence, however, presumably because their efforts challenge the norm of male decision-making.  One explanation for the persistence of poverty is that historically disadvantaged groups are deprived of new opportunities. An alternative explanation is based on the idea that social institutions or the culture in these groups, determined perhaps by historical circumstances, prevent them from responding to opportunities as they become available. The second implication of our analysis is that historically disadvantaged groups might, in fact, be especially responsive to new opportunities precisely because they have fewer ties to the traditional economy to hold them back

Studies show that when women are supported and empowered, all of society benefits.Their families are healthier, more children go to school, agricultural productivity improves and incomes increase. In short, communities become more resilient. The Hunger Project firmly believes that empowering women to be key change agents is an essential element to achieving the end of hunger and poverty. Wherever we work, our programs aim to support women and build their capacity. The vast majority of the world's poor are women.Two-thirds of the world's illiterate popultion are female. Of the millions of school age children not in school, the majority are girls. And today, HIV/AIDS is rapidly becoming a woman's disease. Women comprise nearly 60 percent of all people living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa. In India, our Women's Leadership Workshop has empowered 83,000 women elected to local councils to be effective change agents in their villages. They are forming district- and state-wide federations to ensure that their voices are heard at top levels of government. In Bangladesh, we catalyzed...
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