William Waundt

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Psychosexual development Pages: 11 (3080 words) Published: May 24, 2014
a system of psychological theory and therapy which aims to treat mental disorders by investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind and bringing repressed fears and conflicts into the conscious mind by techniques such as dream interpretation and free association

(Sigmund Freud)
(1856 to 1939)
He was an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis In creating psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, Freud Theory:

The emphasis is on the unconscious determinants of behavior and the primacy of early childhood experiences, on the dynamic interaction of components of the psyche as they move through psychosexual stages of development, and on the use of defense Mechanisms to protect the ego.

Freud’s psychoanalytic model has three major components:

(1) The structure of the personality
(2) The defense mechanisms
(3) Stages of psychosexual development

The structure of the personality

Freud’s Structure of the Mind:

(i) Id (ii) Ego (iii) Super Ego

According to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, the id is the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs, and desires. The id operates based on the pleasure principle, which demands immediate gratification of needs. About:

The id is the only part of personality that is present at birth. Freud also suggested that this primitive component of personality existed completely within the unconscious. The id acts as the driving force behind personality. It not only strives to fulfill our most basic urges, many of which are tied directly to survival, it also provides all of the energy necessary to drive personality. During infancy, before the other components of personality begin to form, children are ruled entirely by the id. Satisfying basic needs for food, drink, and comfort are of the utmost importance. As we grow older, it would obviously be quite problematic if we acted out to satisfy the needs of the id whenever we felt an urge, need, or desire. Fortunately, the other components of personality develop as we age, allowing us to control the demands of the id and behave in socially acceptable ways. Id works on pleasure principle.

Pleasure Principle
In Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, the pleasure principle is the driving force of the id that seeks immediate gratification of all needs, wants, and urges. In other words, the pleasure principle strives to fulfill our most basic and primitive urges, including hunger, thirst, anger, and sex. When these needs are not met, the result is a state of anxiety or tension. Primary Process

In Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, the primary process works to resolve tension created by the pleasure principle. The pleasure principle is what drives the id and seeks instant gratification of all needs, wants, and desires. When the pleasure principle creates tension, the id must find a way to discharge this energy. For example when we are in tension we made a imagination in our mind. when we are thirsty we image a glass of water in our mind so this way we relief our tension.

According to Freud, the ego is part of personality that mediates the demands of the id, the superego and reality. The ego prevents us from acting on our basic urges (created by the id), About:

The ego operates based on the reality principle, which works to satisfy the id's desires in a manner that is realistic and socially appropriate. For example, if a person cuts you off in traffic, the ego prevents you from chasing down the car and physically attacking the offending driver. The ego allows us to see that this...
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