Variants and Dialects of the English and Armenian Languages

Topics: English language, Dialect, British English Pages: 6 (3067 words) Published: November 3, 2014

ContentContent………………………….…………………………………………2 Introduction..……………………………………………………………...3 Chapter 1 Standard English………………………………..……………...4 Chapter 1.1 General Characteristics of the English Language in different Parts of the English-Speaking World………………………………………..5 Chapter 1.2 Lexical Differences of Territorial Variants………………….5 Chapter 2 American English....................................................................6 Chapter 3 Canadian, Australian and Indian Variants................................8 Chapter 4 Variants and Dialects of the Armenian Languages…….…...8 4.1 Armenian language……………………………………………………..8 4.2Variants of the Armenian Language……………………………………9 4.3 Dialects of the Armenian Language………………………………….10 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………15 References…………………………………………………………………16 Introduction

Every language allows different kinds of variations: geographical or territorial, perhaps the most obvious, stylistic, the difference between the written and the spoken form of the standard national language and others. English is the national language of England proper, the USA, Australia, New Zealand and Canada. It is the official language of Wales, Scotland, in Gibraltar and on the island of Malta. Modern linguistics distinguishes territorial variants of a national language and local dialects. Variants of a language are regional varieties of a standard literary language characterized by some minor peculiarities in the sound system, vocabulary and grammar and by their own literary norms. The differences between the English language as spoken in Britain. The USA, Australia and Canada are immediately noticeable in the field of phonetics. However these distinctions are confined to the articulatory-acoustic characteristics of some phonemes, to some differences in the use of others and to the differences in the rhythm and intonation of speech. The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It has historically been spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands and today is widely spoken in the Armenian diaspora. Armenian can be divided into two major dialectal blocks and those blocks into individual dialects, though many of the Western Armenian dialects have become extinct due to the effects of the Armenian Genocide. Although Western and Eastern Armenian are often described as different dialects of the same language. Chapter 1

Standard English
Dialect defines a language variety where a user's regional or social background appears in his or her use of vocabulary and grammar. Almost most languages have dialects, each with a distinctive accent, grammar, vocabulary, and idiom. Traditionally, however, dialects have been regarded as socially lower than a 'proper' from of the language, such as the King's or Queen's English in Britain. Every dialect is in itself a legitimate from of the language, a valid instrument of human communication, and something worthy of serious study. Every dialect is a treasury of sounds and words and grammatical forms that allow its speakers to identity them and their values. Standard English — the official language of Great Britain taught at schools and universities, used by the press, the radio and the television. Its vocabulary is contrasted to dialect words or dialecticisms. Local dialeсts are varieties of the English language peculiar to some districts and having no normalised literary form. Regional varieties possessing a literary form are called variant. In Great Britain there are two variants, Scottish English and Irish English, and five main groups of dialects: Northern, Midland, Eastern, Western and Southern. Every group contains several (up to ten) dialects. One of the best known Southern dialects is Cockney, the regional dialect of London. According to E. Partridge this dialect exists...

References: Bourcier, Georges "An introduction to the history of the English language", Chentenham:Thornes, 1981
Arnold I.V. "The English word "1986
R. S. Ginzburg "A course in Modern English Lexicology" 1966
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_languagehttp://hayforum.blogspot.com/2012/06/artsakh-karabakh-one-o-f-15-provinces.htmlhttp://www.101languages.net/armenian/historical_dialects.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karabakh_dialect_(Armenian)
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